Global Fund [to 19 December 2015]

Global Fund [to 19 December 2015]
http://www.theglobalfund.org/en/news/

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Global Fund Outlines Investment Case to End Epidemics
17 December 2015
TOKYO – The Global Fund today presented its investment case for raising US$13 billion for its next three-year cycle of funding, outlining how partners in global health can contribute to ending HIV, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics by 2030.

A US$13 billion investment for the 2017-2019 funding cycle would save up to eight million lives, avert up to 300 million infections and new cases of HIV, TB and malaria, and lay the groundwork for potential economic gains of up to US$290 billion in the years ahead. Strong investment in global health can significantly bolster international stability and security, while creating greater opportunity, prosperity, and well-being.

The Investment Case was reviewed and discussed by global health leaders at the Preparatory Meeting of the Global Fund Fifth Replenishment in Tokyo, hosted by the Government of Japan in conjunction with an international conference on universal health coverage…

…Programs supported by the Global Fund saved 17 million lives by the end of 2014. By leveraging advances in science and applying innovative solutions, the partnership is on track to reach 22 million lives saved by the end of 2016, the eve of a new Replenishment period. Every three years, the Global Fund seeks financial support for its mission through a Replenishment pledging conference, to be held in mid-2016…

Fondation Merieux [to 19 December 2015]

Fondation Merieux [to 19 December 2015]
http://www.fondation-merieux.org/news
Mission: Contribute to global health by strengthening local capacities of developing countries to reduce the impact of infectious diseases on vulnerable populations.

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Asian Pacific Vaccinology Meeting
18 December 2015, Lyon (France)
Fondation Mérieux organized the 2nd Asian Pacific Vaccinology Meeting on 30 November -3 December in Bangkok, Thailand.

NIH [to 19 December 2015]

NIH [to 19 December 2015]
http://www.nih.gov/news/releases.htm

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NIH unveils FY2016–2020 Strategic Plan
December 16, 2015 — Detailed plan sets course for advancing scientific discoveries and human health.

Poverty may slightly increase childhood risk of neurological impairment, NIH study suggests
December 16, 2015 — Children from low income environments appear to have a higher risk of neurological impairment.

Report Finds Gaps in Country’s Ability to Prevent Infectious Disease Outbreaks

Report Finds Gaps in Country’s Ability to Prevent Infectious Disease Outbreaks
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Thu Dec 17 10:00:00 EST 2015

Washington, D.C.—A report released today found that more than half (28) of states score a five or lower out of 10 key indicators related to preventing, detecting, diagnosing and responding to outbreaks. The report, from Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), concluded that the United States must redouble efforts to better protect the country from new infectious disease threats, such as MERS-CoV and antibiotic-resistant superbugs, and resurging illnesses like whooping cough, tuberculosis and gonorrhea.

Five states—Delaware, Kentucky, Maine, New York and Virginia—tied for the top score, achieving eight out of 10 indicators. Seven states—Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon and Utah—tied for the lowest score at three out of 10…

Right to sanitation, a distinct human right – Over 2.5 billion people lack access to sanitation

Right to sanitation, a distinct human right – Over 2.5 billion people lack access to sanitation
GENEVA (18 December 2015) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human right to water and sanitation, Léo Heller, and the Chair of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Waleed Sadi, today welcomed the explicit recognition of the ‘human right to sanitation’ as a distinct right, together with the ‘human right to safe drinking water’ by the UN General Assembly.

Over 2.5 billion people still lack access to improved sanitation – the sanitation target under Goal 7 has been missed by one of the widest margins of all the 18 targets under the Millennium Development Goals. One billion people practise open defecation, nine out of ten in rural areas across the world.

“The right to sanitation is an essential component of the right to an adequate standard of living, inextricably linked to the highest attainable standard of health, and integrally related to the human right to water,” Mr. Sadi said. “The explicit recognition of the human right to sanitation and the human right to water reaffirms that sanitation has distinct features which warrant its own separate recognition and treatment from water in some respects.”

The experts explained that while sanitation does not necessarily have to be water-borne, Governments tend to focus on this type, rather than on-site sanitation such as pit latrines and septic tanks which are still widely used. As a result, individual households which rely on on-site sanitation often have to operate the entire system themselves, including collection and disposal, without government support. “The right to sanitation also requires privacy and dignity,” the experts stressed.

“Sanitation and water issues need to be approached comprehensively at many levels,” Mr. Heller said. “I strongly believe that the clear definitions of the human right to sanitation and the human right to water provided in the resolution will help focus international attention on sanitation issues in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”

In the UN General Assembly resolution, adopted by consensus on 17 December, Member States recognized that ‘the human right to sanitation entitles everyone, without discrimination, to have physical and affordable access to sanitation, in all spheres of life, that is safe, hygienic, secure, socially and culturally acceptable and that provides privacy and ensures dignity.’…

BMC Health Services Research (Accessed 19 December 2015)

BMC Health Services Research
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmchealthservres/content
(Accessed 19 December 2015)

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Research article
Intellectual capital in the healthcare sector: a systematic review and critique of the literature
Jenna M. Evans, Adalsteinn Brown and G. Ross Baker
BMC Health Services Research 2015 15:556
Published on: 15 December 2015
Abstract
Background
Variations in the performance of healthcare organizations may be partly explained by differing “stocks” of intellectual capital (IC), and differing approaches and capacities for leveraging IC. This study synthesizes what is currently known about the conceptualization, management and measurement of IC in healthcare through a review of the literature.
Methods
Peer-reviewed papers on IC in healthcare published between 1990 and 2014 were identified through searches of five databases using the following key terms: intellectual capital/assets, knowledge capital/assets/resources, and intangible assets/resources. Articles deemed relevant for inclusion underwent systematic data extraction to identify overarching themes and were assessed for their methodological quality.
Results
Thirty-seven papers were included in the review. The primary research method used was cross-sectional questionnaires focused on hospital managers’ perceptions of IC, followed by semi-structured interviews and analysis of administrative data. Empirical studies suggest that IC is linked to subjective process and performance indicators in healthcare organizations. Although the literature on IC in healthcare is growing, it is not advanced. In this paper, we identify and examine the conceptual, theoretical and methodological limitations of the literature.
Conclusions
The concept and framework of IC offer a means to study the value of intangible resources in healthcare organizations, how to manage systematically these resources together, and their mutually enhancing interactions on performance. We offer several recommendations for future research.

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Research article
Use of peers, community lay persons and Village Health Team (VHT) members improves six-week postnatal clinic (PNC) follow-up and Early Infant HIV Diagnosis (EID) in urban and rural health units in Uganda: A one-year implementation study
Zikulah Namukwaya, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Peter Mudiope, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Joyce Namale Matovu, Ezra Musingye, Jane Ntongo Ssebaggala, Teopista Nakyanzi, Jubilee John Abwooli, Dorothy Mirembe, Juliane Etima, Edward Bitarakwate, Mary Glenn Fowler and Philippa Martha Musoke
BMC Health Services Research 2015 15:555
Published on: 15 December 2015

BMC Medicine (Accessed 19 December 2015)

BMC Medicine
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcmed/content
(Accessed 19 December 2015)

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Guideline
How should individual participant data (IPD) from publicly funded clinical trials be shared?
Individual participant data (IPD) from completed clinical trials should be responsibly shared to support efficient clinical research, generate new knowledge and bring benefit to patients.
C. Tudur Smith, C. Hopkins, M. R. Sydes, K. Woolfall, M. Clarke, G. Murray and P. Williamson
BMC Medicine 2015 13:298
Published on: 17 December 2015

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Commentary
Subnational benchmarking of health systems performance in Africa using health outcome and coverage indicators
National health systems performance (HSP) assessments and benchmarking are critical to understanding how well the delivery of healthcare meets the needs of citizens.
Abdisalan Mohamed Noor
BMC Medicine 2015 13:299
Published on: 14 December 2015