The pdf version of Vaccines: The Week in Review 27 February 2012, comprising the posts for this date below, is available here: Vaccines_The Week in Review_27 February 2012
UNICEF reported that the Central African Republic (CAR) launched a national immunization campaign to eradicate polio “aimed at reaching all children in the country, including hard-to-reach populations living in conflict and post-conflict zones with limited access to health services…in urgent response to four imported cases of polio discovered in CAR in 2011, the first in two years.” Mary Louise Eagleton Meaney, Deputy Representative for UNICEF, CAR, said “Routine data shows that only 68 per cent of children in CAR under five years of age are completely vaccinated against polio, which means that 260,000 children under five are at risk of contracting the virus.” UNICEF noted that health workers “will be going door-to-door to deliver polio vaccines starting February 24th to 806,825 children between the ages of 0-59 months; to administer vitamin A supplements to 725,102 children between 6-59 months; and to provide deworming for 643,595 children between 12-59 months of age.” http://www.unicef.org/media/media_61805.html
Interview: Voice of America interviews Dagfinn Høybråten
GAVI Board Chair Dagfinn Høybråten talks to the official United States government broadcaster about the role of vaccines in achieving MDGs 4 and 5
Source: Health Alliance/2011
In an interview with Voice of America, GAVI Alliance Board Chairman Dagfinn Høybråten discusses a wide range of issues with VoA correspondent Linord Moudou. He traces GAVI’s history and explains that vaccines have created a moral imperative to act in order to save lives….Høybråten adds that without achieving high levels of vaccination, it will be impossible to reach Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. By responding to country demand and prioritising uptake of new and underused vaccines, GAVI support has helped countries to avert more than five and a half million future deaths.
The MMWR weekly for February 24, 2012 / Vol. 61 / No. 7 includes:
– Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Pregnant Women — 29 States and New York City, 2009–10 Season
The Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER) for 24 February 2012, vol. 87, 7 (pp 65–72) includes WHO Quantitative Immunization and Vaccine-Related Research meeting, October 2011 – summary; Dengue and severe dengue factsheet (Revised in January 2012)
Twitter Watch [accessed 26 February 17:35]
Items of interest from a variety of twitter feeds associated with immunization, vaccines and global public health. This capture is highly selective and is by no means intended to be exhaustive.
Health Policy and Planning
Volume 27 Issue 1 January 2012
Advanced access February 13, 2012
Marko Vujicic, Stephanie E Weber, Irina A Nikolic, Rifat Atun, and Ranjana Kumar
An analysis of GAVI, the Global Fund and World Bank support for human resources for health in developing countries
Health Policy Plan. first published online February 13, 2012 doi:10.1093/heapol/czs012 (9 pages)
Shortages, geographic imbalances and poor performance of health workers pose major challenges for improving health service delivery in developing countries. In response, multilateral agencies have increasingly recognized the need to invest in human resources for health (HRH) to assist countries in achieving their health system goals. In this paper we analyse the HRH-related activities of three agencies: the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI); the Global Fund for Aids, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (the Global Fund); and the World Bank. First, we reviewed the type of HRH-related activities that are eligible for financing within each agency. Second, we reviewed the HRH-related activities that each agency is actually financing. Third, we reviewed the literature to understand the impact that GAVI, Global Fund and World Bank investments in HRH have had on the health workforce in developing countries. Our analysis found that by far the most common activity supported across all agencies is short-term, in-service training. There is relatively little investment in expanding pre-service training capacity, despite large health worker shortages in developing countries. We also found that the majority of GAVI and the Global Fund grants finance health worker remuneration, largely through supplemental allowances, with little information available on how payment rates are determined, how the potential negative consequences are mitigated, and how payments are to be sustained at the end of the grant period. Based on the analysis, we argue there is an opportunity for improved co-ordination between the three agencies at the country level in supporting HRH-related activities. Existing initiatives, such as the International Health Partnership and the Health Systems Funding Platform, could present viable and timely vehicles for the three agencies to implement this improved co-ordination.