Update: Polio this week – As of 11 Sep 2012

Update: Polio this week – As of 11 Sep 2012
Global Polio Eradication Initiative
[Editor’s Extract]
– In the previous six months, 92 cases have been reported worldwide, 63 of which from Nigeria, 15 from Pakistan, 12 from Afghanistan, and two from Chad. Nigeria currently accounts for more than two-thirds (68%) of global polio cases over the previous six months.

– One new case was reported in the past week (WPV3 from Borno, with onset of paralysis on 10 August), bringing the total number of cases for 2012 to 84. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 15 August (WPV1 from Kaduna).
Nigeria continues to be the only country in the world affected by transmission of all three serotypes: WPV1, WPV3 and a cVDPV type 2…
– The Expert Review Committee on Polio Eradication and Routine Immunization (ERC) met this week (10-11 September), to review impact of the national emergency action plan and recommend strategies going forward.

– One new case was reported in the past week (WPV1 from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – KP, with onset of paralysis on 22 August), bringing the total number of cases for 2012 to 30. This case is the most recent case in the country.
– Additionally, two new positive environmental samples were reported, from northern Sindh and southern Sindh…

Nigeria Not On Track To Achieving Polio Eradication – WHO
Leadership [Newspaper, Nigeria]
[Editor’s Extract]
The World Health Organisation (WHO) on Tuesday said Nigeria was not on track in the effort to eradicate wild polio virus before the end of December this year.

Dr Bruce Alyward, WHO Assistant Director-General, Polio, Emergencies and Country Collaboration, said in Abuja that the increasing cases of the virus in the country constitutes “real and growing danger to international public health.”

Alyward said during the 24th session of Expert Review Committee Meeting on Polio Eradication, that the country had the tools and capacity to rapidly reverse the trend.

“Every country is expected to operate in the emergency mode, Congo, India and China have stopped polio in the last three months, Nigeria is the only country in the world that has polio type 1 and type 2 in the last three months. It is also the only country in the world with increasing cases; it is the number that puts the country at risk not the quality of prevalence.”

He recommended eight major steps for polio eradication for the country, including the implementation of the new house-based micro planning and monitoring method.

Alyward said the new house based micro plan was initiated in August this year to improve polio immunisation.

Other recommendations are optimising the emergency surge through cross agency refresher training for all personnel, identifying chronically missed children, establishing true emergency oversight and having planned programme for insecure areas, among others. Alyward urged the country to address the chronic surveillance gaps, and called for urgent implementation of environmental surveillance in Maiduguri…