GPEI: Polio this week – As of 17 Oct 2012

Update: Polio this week – As of 17 Oct 2012
Global Polio Eradication Initiative

[Editor’s Extract]
– World Polio Day, October 24: Polio eradication partners around the world are marking the first World Polio Day since India was removed from the list of countries with active transmission of wild poliovirus. This development opened up a historic opportunity to complete polio eradication in the remaining endemic countries, powered by the World Health Assembly declaration of an ‘emergency for global public health’ and implemented through national emergency programmes run by the governments of Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.
– Since World Polio Day last year, the number of new cases of polio has declined (from 467 at this time last year to 171 this year)

Afghanistan
– Four new cases were reported in the past week. All cases were type WPV1. These cases occurred in Kandahar, Khost, Kunar, and Paktya provinces. This brings the total number of cases for 2012 to 25. The most recent case was the one in Paktya Province, with onset of paralysis on 1 October.
– A delegation that included the governors of Kandahar and Helmand, the Ministry of Public Health, UNICEF, and WHO met Bill Gates in Abu Dhabi on 9 October to discuss the enhanced engagement of the President, challenges to monitoring vaccination team performance and possible new technologies to help improve team performance.
– National Immunization Days (NID) were held during 14–16 October. The launch of this campaign coincided with Global Handwashing Day. Polio information was distributed to children at this time.

Nigeria
– Four new cases were reported in the past week. All were type WPV1. The cases occurred in Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto states. The most recent case was the one from Kaduna State, with onset of paralysis on 22 September. The total number of cases for 2012 is 97.

Pakistan
– One new case of WPV was reported in the past week, WPV1 in the Bajour District of Federally Administrated Tribal Areas. This brings the total number of cases for 2012 to 44. This was the most recent case, with onset of paralysis on 25 September.
– National immunization Days were held during 15–17 October, excluding North and South Waziristan. In Quetta, Balochistan, investigations have begun into the fatal shooting of a volunteer vaccinator. Apart from parts of Quetta, the campaign continued in the rest of the province.