GPEI Update: Polio this week – As of 24 Oct 2012

Update: Polio this week – As of 24 Oct 2012
Global Polio Eradication Initiative

[Editor’s Extract]
– World Polio Day, October 24: Polio eradication partners around the world are marking the first World Polio Day since India was removed from the list of countries with active transmission of wild poliovirus. This development opened up a historic opportunity to complete polio eradication in the remaining endemic countries, powered by the World Health Assembly declaration of an ‘emergency for global public health’ and implemented through national emergency programmes run by the governments of Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.

– Since World Polio Day last year, the number of new cases of polio has declined by 64% (from 489 at this time last year to 175 this year).

– The next Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) meeting will take place next week in London, United Kingdom. During its deliberations, the IMB will review the latest status of the global polio eradication effort and progress and challenges with implementing national polio emergency action plans. The IMB’s meeting report is anticipated to be finalized in November.

Afghanistan
– One new WPV case was reported in the past week (WPV1 from Kandahar), bringing the total number of cases for 2012 to 26. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 1 October (WPV1 from Paktya).
– The ‘Ending Polio Is My Responsibility’ social mobilization and media campaign continues to be rolled out, with public service announcements airing on TV and radio, and billboards set up around the country.

Nigeria
– Two new WPV cases were reported in the past week (WPV1s from Katsina), bringing the total number of cases for 2012 to 97. One of the newly-reported cases is the most recent case in the country, and had onset of paralysis on 23 September.

Pakistan
– Three new WPV cases were reported in the past week (two WPV1s from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – KP – and one WPV1 from Balochistan), bringing the total number of cases for 2012 to 47. The newly-reported case from Balochistan is the most recent in the country, and had onset of paralysis on 2 October.
– Additionally, one new cVDPV2 case was reported, in Balochistan, from September.

Horn of Africa
– Outbreak response is ongoing in Kenya and parts of Somalia, following recent confirmation of a cVDPV2 outbreak in a Somali refugee camp in Dadaab, Kenya, and Kismayo, south-central Somalia.