Report: A rapid survey of Global Vaccine Action Plan implementation

Report: A rapid survey of Global Vaccine Action Plan implementation
25 July 2013
Sabin Vaccine Institute
Mariya Savchuk*, Senior Program Officer; Mike McQuestion, Director, Sustainable Immunization Financing Program

Summary (excerpt)
An online survey of the global immunization community was carried out to measure knowledge and practices relating to the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP). Of 62 respondents, 58% live in a GVAP target country and 29% are government or elected officials. Respondents were knowledgeable about GVAP goals and strategic objectives. Two-thirds reported they were working to make immunization a national priority and/or to strengthen immunization as an integral part of health systems. Respondents most often associated country ownership with self reliance, government prioritizing immunization or government control…

A sample of immunization practitioners and supporters from all six WHO Regions responded to the survey. At just 4%, the response rate was low. Results are thus not generalizable to the entire global immunization community.

The sample results showed GVAP exposure and knowledge to be relatively high. GVAP information appears to have reached English speakers sooner than the French speakers.

Respondents are working across the range of GVAP strategic objectives. All are devoting the most effort to high-level immunization advocacy (SO1). French speakers appear to be more mindful of sustainability issues (SO5).

An open-ended question about the meaning of country ownership ownership- a guiding GVAP principle- elicited varied responses. Respondents most frequently associated country ownership with the ability of a country to fully finance its immunization program.

These results must be interpreted with caution. The sample is small, nonrandom and self-selected. A random, population-based sample would likely be less engaged in immunization and less familiar with GVAP. What can be said is that GVAP messages have effectively reached the subgroups most engaged in global immunization. Further research will reveal more about variations in how countries are pursuing the GVAP objectives.