Timeliness Vaccination of Measles Containing Vaccine and Barriers to Vaccination among Migrant Children in East Chin

PLoS One
[Accessed 31 August 2013]
http://www.plosone.org/

Research Article
Timeliness Vaccination of Measles Containing Vaccine and Barriers to Vaccination among Migrant Children in East China
Yu Hu mail, Qian Li, Shuying Luo, Linqiao Lou, Xiaohua Qi, Shuyun Xie
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0073264

Abstract
Background
The reported coverage rates of first and second doses of measles containing vaccine (MCV) are almost 95% in China, while measles cases are constantly being reported. This study evaluated the vaccine coverage, timeliness, and barriers to immunization of MCV1 and MCV2 in children aged from 8–48 months.

Methods
We assessed 718 children aged 8–48 months, of which 499 children aged 18–48 months in September 2011. Face to face interviews were administered with children’s mothers to estimate MCV1 and MCV2 coverage rate, its timeliness and barriers to vaccine uptake.

Results
The coverage rates were 76.9% for MCV1 and 44.7% for MCV2 in average. Only 47.5% of surveyed children received the MCV1 timely, which postpone vaccination by up to one month beyond the stipulated age of 8 months. Even if coverage thus improves with time, postponed vaccination adds to the pool of unprotected children in the population. Being unaware of the necessity for vaccination and its schedule, misunderstanding of side-effect of vaccine, and child being sick during the recommended vaccination period were significant preventive factors for both MCV1 and MCV2 vaccination. Having multiple children, mother’s education level, household income and children with working mothers were significantly associated with delayed or missing MCV1 immunization.

Conclusions
To avoid future outbreaks, it is crucial to attain high coverage levels by timely vaccination, thus, accurate information should be delivered and a systematic approach should be targeted to high-risk groups.