UN Report: Global child deaths down by almost half since 1990
WHO, UNICEF, World Bank Group, UN-DESA Population Division
13 September 2013
:: Download the report.
:: Detailed explanation of the B3 model used in developing the UN IGME child mortality estimates is available here.
:: Under-five mortality estimates: Rates and Deaths
:: Infant mortality estimates: Rates and Deaths
:: Neonatal mortality estimates: Rates and Deaths
:: Sex-specific under-five mortality rate: Estimates
:: Sex-specific infant mortality rate: Estimates
::: Annual rate of reduction of under-five mortality: Estimates and 90% uncertainty intervals
:: Country-specific methodological notes: Summary
The report notes that in 2012, approximately 6.6 million children worldwide – 18 000 children per day – before reaching their fifth birthday, roughly half the number of under-fives who died in 1990, when more than 12 million children died. Anthony Lake, UNICEF Executive Director, commented, “This trend is a positive one. Millions of lives have been saved. And we can do still better. Most of these deaths can be prevented, using simple steps that many countries have already put in place – what we need is a greater sense of urgency.” The leading causes of death among children aged less than five years include pneumonia, prematurity, birth asphyxia, diarrhoea and malaria. Globally, about 45% of under-five deaths are linked to undernutrition.
About half of under-five deaths occur in only five countries: China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. India (22%) and Nigeria (13%) together account for more than one-third of all deaths of children under the age of five.