13 June 2014 vol 344, issue 6189, pages 1197-1316
Measuring the path toward malaria elimination
Thomas S. Churcher1, Justin M. Cohen2, Joseph Novotny2,3, Nyasatu Ntshalintshali2,3, Simon Kunene4, Simon Cauchemez1,5,*
1Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK.
2Clinton Health Access Initiative, Boston, MA 02127, USA.
3Global Health Group, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
4National Malaria Control Program, Manzini, Swaziland.
5Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
In many parts of the world, malaria elimination—defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the absence of locally acquired malaria cases in the country—is being considered as a target because of recent successes in reducing disease burden (1, 2). Rigorous evaluation of malaria elimination programs is essential for financial and political support to be maintained. Yet such evaluation remains challenging, and appropriate metrics to ascertain “success” are needed.