POLIO [to 14 June 2014]
GPEI Update: Polio this week – As of 11 June 2014
Global Polio Eradication Initiative
Editor’s Excerpt and text bolding
Full report: http://www.polioeradication.org/Dataandmonitoring/Poliothisweek.aspx
:: The Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) on Polio Eradication in Afghanistan and Pakistan met in Islamabad, Pakistan, last week. The TAG recognized the important progress in Afghanistan and concluded that the country is in a strong position to interrupt endemic transmission of the virus in 2014, provided the country addresses the remaining challenges and risks. These include ensuring the programme is a priority with the new government, reaching children in inaccessible areas, focusing on missed children, strengthening cross-border and transit vaccination and preparing for the displacement of people from infected areas of Pakistan.
:: In terms of polio eradication in Pakistan, the TAG concluded that the country is not in a position to interrupt transmission without radical change in reservoir areas including Federally Administered Tribal Areas – FATA, Peshawar and Karachi. To put the program back on the path to polio eradication, the TAG recommended full political commitment and ownership, mobilization of national assets including the army and administrative machinery, restoration of vaccination in FATA and addressing insecurity and chronic gaps in reservoirs and high risk areas. The TAG also recommended that all provinces integrate communications and social mobilization activities in their planning and operations.
:: Three new cVDPV2 cases were reported in the past week including two cases from Damboa LGA, Borno state, and one case from the previously uninfected Jere LGA, Borno state. The most recent cVDPV2 case had onset of paralysis on 3 May from Damboa LGA, Borno state. The total number of cVDPV2 cases for 2014 is seven.
:: Four new WPV1 cases were reported in the past week including two cases from North Waziristan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas – FATA, and two cases from Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – KP. The most recent WPV1 case had onset of paralysis on 19 May from Bannu. The total number of WPV1 cases reported from Pakistan for 2014 is 75.
:: A new WPV1 case was reported this week from Equatorial Guinea. The case is from Ebebiyin district, Kie Ntem province, and had onset of paralysis on 3 April. The total number of WPV1 cases in Equatorial Guinea in 2014 is four. The cases are linked to an ongoing outbreak in neighboring Cameroon, which has reported four cases in 2013 and three cases in 2014. The most recent NIDs in Equatorial Guinea took place on 28 May and the next rounds of activities are planned for mid-July and August.