Oct 18, 2014 Volume 384 Number 9952 p1401 – 1476
Controlling Ebola: next steps
Ranu S Dhillon, Devabhaktuni Srikrishna, Jeffrey Sachs
The Ebola epidemic is paradoxical: it is out of control yet readily controllable. The key to epidemic control is rapid diagnosis, isolation, and treatment of infected individuals.1 This approach was used in past Ebola outbreaks through contact tracing, in which anyone exposed to a person with Ebola was monitored, tested if they developed symptoms, and, if positive, securely transported to a health facility for treatment.2 Moreover, while 60–90% of untreated patients with Ebola die, effective medical care could reduce this rate to below 30%.