The Lancet Global Health – November 2014

The Lancet Global Health
Nov 2014 Volume 2 Number 11 e616 – 671

Polio: is the end in sight?
Zoë Mullan
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World Polio Day, on October 24, is an annual opportunity to revitalise attention and efforts towards the global eradication of this now rare but still fatal and devastatingly disabling infectious disease. 2014 has not felt like a good year for infectious disease control, yet just 3 months from now, a major date in the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013–18 will be reached. The first objective of the plan, launched in April last year, was “to stop all [wild poliovirus] transmission by the end of 2014”.

Inactivated polio vaccine launch in Nepal: a public health milestone
Andreas Hasman, Hendrikus C J Raaijmakers, Douglas J Noble
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On Sept 18, 2014, as part of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), Nepal became the first GAVI-supported country in the world to introduce one dose of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) into routine immunisation schedules at 14 weeks. The launch at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, is a significant step, but there are challenges ahead.

Estimation of daily risk of neonatal death, including the day of birth, in 186 countries in 2013: a vital-registration and modelling-based study
Shefali Oza, Simon N Cousens, Joy E Lawn
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Effectiveness of a rural sanitation programme on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection, and child malnutrition in Odisha, India: a cluster-randomised trial
Thomas Clasen, Sophie Boisson, Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Melissa Bell, Oliver Cumming, Jeroen Ensink, Matthew Freeman, Marion Jenkins, Mitsunori Odagiri, Subhajyoti Ray, Antara Sinha, Mrutyunjay Suar, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
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Effect of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on anthropometry and blood pressure in mid-childhood in Nepal: follow-up of a double-blind randomised controlled trial
Delan Devakumar, Shiva Shankar Chaube, Jonathan C K Wells, Naomi M Saville, Jon G Ayres, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin
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