From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
January 2015 Volume 9, Issue 1 Pages i–i, 1–57
Introducing seasonal influenza vaccine in low‐income countries: an adverse events following immunization survey in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Manilay Phengxay1,*, Sara A. Mirza2, Rita Reyburn1, Anonh Xeuatvongsa3, Christian Winter1, Hannah Lewis1, Sonja J. Olsen2, Reiko Tsuyuoka1, Viengphone Khanthamaly4, Francisco S. Palomeque2, Joseph S. Bresee2, Ann C. Moen2, Andrew L. Corwin4 and for the Lao PDR Field Epidemiology Training Cohort Team†
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2015
In 2012, Lao PDR introduced seasonal influenza vaccine in pregnant women, persons aged ≥50 years, persons with chronic diseases, and healthcare personnel. We assessed adverse events following immunization (AEFI).
We used a multistage randomized cluster sample design to interview vaccine recipients.
Between April and May 2012, 355 902 were vaccinated. Of 2089 persons interviewed, 261 (12•5%) reported one or more AEFI. The most commonly reported AEFIs were local reactions. No hospitalizations or deaths were reported; 16% sought medical care. Acceptance and awareness of vaccination were high.
Following the introduction of seasonal influenza vaccine in Lao PDR, self-reported adverse events were mild.
American Journal of Men’s Health (AJMH)
January 2015; 9 (1)
Published online before print January 15, 2015, doi: 10.1177/1557988314567324
Has Their Son Been Vaccinated? Beliefs About Other Parents Matter for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine
Christine L. Schuler, MD, MPH1, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, MD, MPH2
1Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
2University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
The goal of this study was to determine if parents’ beliefs about social norms of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for sons were associated with knowledge of HPV, intention to vaccinate sons, or beliefs about side effects. A cross-sectional, survey-based study of parents with sons was performed in 2010. Fisher’s exact tests were used to examine associations between demographics and responses about social norms. Multivariate logistic regression models examined beliefs about social norms of male HPV vaccination and primary outcomes.
Few parents agreed that others were vaccinating sons (n = 31/267, 12%), including 1% responding strongly agree and 11% responding agree. Most parents, 52%, disagreed that others were vaccinating (40% disagree, 11% strongly disagree), and 37% chose prefer not to answer regarding others’ vaccination practices. Hispanic parents and those with a high school education or less were significantly more likely to choose prefer not to answer than their respective counterparts regarding vaccination norms. In multivariate models, parents agreeing others were vaccinating sons had greater odds of having high knowledge of HPV (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] high vs low knowledge 3.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13, 8.77) and increased intention to vaccinate sons (n = 243, aOR = 4.41, 95% CI = 1.51, 12.89).
Beliefs about side effects were not significantly associated with beliefs about social norms. Parents’ beliefs about others’ vaccination practices are important with regard to knowledge of HPV and intention to vaccinate sons. Studying how various public messages about HPV vaccine may influence normative beliefs could be relevant to improving vaccination coverage.
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
January 2015 Volume 51, Issue 1 Pages 1–128
Article first published online: 14 JAN 2015
Conquering rotavirus: From discovery to global vaccine implementation
Julie E Bines1,2,3,* and Carl D Kirkwood1,2
Rotavirus, the commonest cause of severe dehydrating gastroenteritis world-wide, was discovered less than 50 years ago. It causes about 450 000 deaths per year in children <5 years of age and hospitalises millions more. Rotavirus vaccines have been shown to have a major impact on hospital admissions due to rotavirus gastroenteritis and all-cause gastroenteritis and reduce mortality in developing countries. In Australia, there has been a 71% decrease in rotavirus hospitalisations in children 0–5 years of age. From the discovery of rotavirus as the major causative agent for severe gastroenteritis, through vaccine development and vaccine post-marketing surveillance activities, Australian scientists and clinicians have played a significant role in the global effort to reduce the burden of rotavirus infection.
January 2015, Volume 47 No 1 pp1-97
Published online 19 January 2015
Evolutionary history and global spread of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing lineage
Matthias Merker, Camille Blin, Stefano Mona, Nicolas Duforet-Frebourg, Sophie Lecher, Eve Willery, Michael Blum, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Igor Mokrousov, Eman Aleksic, Caroline Allix-Béguec, Annick Antierens, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Marie Ballif, Francesca Barletta, Hans Peter Beck, Clifton E Barry III, Maryline Bonnet, Emanuele Borroni, Isolina Campos-Herrero,
Daniela Cirillo, Helen Cox, Suzanne Crowe, Valeriu Crudu, Roland Diel et al.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the Beijing lineage are globally distributed and are associated with the massive spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis in Eurasia. Here we reconstructed the biogeographical structure and evolutionary history of this lineage by genetic analysis of 4,987 isolates from 99 countries and whole-genome sequencing of 110 representative isolates. We show that this lineage initially originated in the Far East, from where it radiated worldwide in several waves. We detected successive increases in population size for this pathogen over the last 200 years, practically coinciding with the Industrial Revolution, the First World War and HIV epidemics. Two MDR clones of this lineage started to spread throughout central Asia and Russia concomitantly with the collapse of the public health system in the former Soviet Union. Mutations identified in genes putatively under positive selection and associated with virulence might have favored the expansion of the most successful branches of the lineage.