International Journal of Infectious Diseases
June 2015 Volume 35, p1
Prevalence of tuberculosis in adolescents, western Kenya: implications for control programs
Videlis Nduba, Anna H. Van’t Hoog, Ellen Mitchell, Peter Onyango, Kayla Laserson, Martien Borgdorff
Published online: March 11, 2015
Tuberculosis (TB) has been declared a global health emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO).1 No current vaccine has been shown to reliably prevent pulmonary TB in adolescents.2 The risk of TB disease increases steeply in adolescence, suggesting adolescents may be a suitable target group for vaccination.3,4 New vaccines are currently being developed,5–7 and adolescents are considered a convenient target for novel TB vaccine trials because they are easy to reach in schools, are not highly mobile, and do not have many of the comorbidities that exclude adults from trial participation.