WHO & Regionals [to 16 May 2015]

WHO & Regionals [to 16 May 2015]
:: Racing to combat an unprecedented meningitis outbreak in Niger
15 May 2015 — WHO and partners have sent an international expert team and negotiated provision of over half a million doses of vaccine to help Niger combat an unprecedented outbreak of meningococcal meningitis. This outbreak is the first large-scale meningitis outbreak caused by strain C to hit any country in Africa’s meningitis belt and has caused 5,855 suspected cases including 406 deaths.
Read the situation assessment
:: Sixty-eighth World Health Assembly
15 May 2015 — The Sixty-eighth session of the World Health Assembly takes place in Geneva 18–26 May 2015, as officials from 194 Member States begin their annual review of the activities of WHO and set new priorities for the future. The main functions of the World Health Assembly are to determine the policies of the Organization and review and approve the proposed programme budget. The Health Assembly is held every May in Geneva, Switzerland.
:: Global Alert and Response (GAR) – Disease Outbreak News (DONs)
.. Rapidly growing outbreak of meningococcal disease in Niger 15 May 2015
.. Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China 14 May 2015
.. Ebola virus disease – Italy 13 May 2015

:: The Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER) 15 May 2015, vol. 90, 20 (pp. 217–252) includes
.. Set of interviews
.. Epidemics timeline
.. Emerging and re-emerging infectious threats in the 21st century
.. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): current situation 3 years after the virus was first identified
.. Plague in Madagascar: overview of the 2014– 2015 epidemic season

:: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – Fact sheet N°290
Updated May 2015
Key facts
..Globally, the number of deaths of children under 5 years of age fell from 12.7 million in 1990 to 6.3 million in 2013.
..In developing countries, the percentage of underweight children under 5 years old dropped from 28% in 1990 to 17% in 2013.
..Globally, new HIV infections declined by 38% between 2001 and 2013.
..Existing cases of tuberculosis are declining, along with deaths among HIV-negative tuberculosis cases.
..In 2010, the world met the United Nations Millennium Development Goals target on access to safe drinking-water, as measured by the proxy indicator of access to improved drinking-water sources, but more needs to be done to achieve the sanitation target.

:: World Health Statistics 2015
World Health Statistics 2015 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.
WHO presents World Health Statistics 2015 as an integral part of its ongoing efforts to provide enhanced access to comparable high-quality statistics on core measures of population health and national health systems.

:: WHO Regional Offices
WHO African Region AFRO
:: Renowned public health experts and leaders endorse a vision for an Africa Health Transformation Programme to enhance health in the African Region – 14 May 2015

WHO Region of the Americas PAHO
:: LGBT health sees progress and challenges 15 years after homosexuality ceased being considered a disease (05/15/2015)
:: PAHO/WHO urges more attention to blood pressure control (05/14/2015)
:: PAHO/WHO highlights need to train more nursing personnel (05/12/2015)
:: New studies show immunization remains a ‘best buy’ in the fight against vaccine-preventable diseases (05/11/2015)

WHO South-East Asia Region SEARO
:: Emergency preparedness pays off as Kathmandu hospitals respond to earthquakes
13 May 2015
:: Continuing care for tuberculosis, diabetes and heart patients in earthquake hit Nepal
10 May 2015

WHO European Region EURO
:: First confirmed Ebola case in Italy 14-05-2015
:: Better hospital care for children 11-05-2015
:: WHO/Europe supports translation of European Vaccine Action Plan into national immunization plans in Gavi-supported countries
A workshop to build capacity for comprehensive multi-year planning (cMYP) on immunization in countries eligible for support from the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (Gavi) took place on 27–29 April 2015 in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Continuation of GAVI support to countries is conditional on submission of updated cMYPs, which provide strategic guidance to national immunization programmes and stakeholders. WHO/Europe organized the workshop to help Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan identify critical aspects to be considered while developing their next cMYP, in line with revised WHO–United Nations Children’s Fund cMYP development guidelines and new costing and financing tool.
The process of updating cMYPs for the upcoming cycle (2016-2020) is also a vital time to translate the goals, objectives and proposed actions of the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015–2020 (EVAP) into national immunization plans.
Cross-border collaboration combined with tailored support to countries
Approximately 35 immunization programme managers and programme staff in charge of vaccine management and logistics, surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases and immunization financing attended the workshop, along with WHO experts and representatives of partner agencies. Working together to improve planning of national immunization programmes allowed the participants to share experiences and best practices across national borders.
The workshop also provided WHO/Europe the opportunity to assess what technical assistance each country needs to finalize its cMYP. Based on this assessment, tailored support will be provided to countries at different stages of the planning process to ensure that development of cMYPs is aligned with national commitments and plans as laid out in the EVAP.

WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region EMRO
:: WHO to deliver additional medicines and medical supplies to Yemen
15 May 2015, Amman, Jordan — WHO is scaling up its provision of medicines and medical supplies to Yemen during the current humanitarian pause. Today, WHO is sending more than 20 tonnes of medicines and medical supplies to Hodeida, comprising international emergency health kits, trauma kits, surgical supply kits, emergency diarrhoeal disease kits, and water, sanitation and hygiene items for more than 120 000 beneficiaries. More than 300 000 people have been newly displaced in Yemen since March, and almost 8.6 million people are in need of health services around the country.
:: Morocco joins the International Agency for Research on Cancer 16 May 2015
:: Egypt: upsurge in H5N1 human and poultry cases but no change in transmission pattern of infection 15 May 2015
:: WHO–Kuwait partnership to help the people of Syria
15 May 2015

WHO Western Pacific Region
:: Four innovative Pacific projects receive WHO Healthy Islands Recognition
YANUCA ISLAND, 11 May 2015 – As part of the Eleventh Pacific Health Ministers Meeting, the World Health Organization (WHO) awarded four innovative projects in Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Samoa, Tokelau and Vanuatu with the WHO Healthy Islands Recognition for the outstanding work by health and community leaders in the Pacific.