BMC Health Services Research (Accessed 19 December 2015)

BMC Health Services Research
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmchealthservres/content
(Accessed 19 December 2015)

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Research article
Intellectual capital in the healthcare sector: a systematic review and critique of the literature
Jenna M. Evans, Adalsteinn Brown and G. Ross Baker
BMC Health Services Research 2015 15:556
Published on: 15 December 2015
Abstract
Background
Variations in the performance of healthcare organizations may be partly explained by differing “stocks” of intellectual capital (IC), and differing approaches and capacities for leveraging IC. This study synthesizes what is currently known about the conceptualization, management and measurement of IC in healthcare through a review of the literature.
Methods
Peer-reviewed papers on IC in healthcare published between 1990 and 2014 were identified through searches of five databases using the following key terms: intellectual capital/assets, knowledge capital/assets/resources, and intangible assets/resources. Articles deemed relevant for inclusion underwent systematic data extraction to identify overarching themes and were assessed for their methodological quality.
Results
Thirty-seven papers were included in the review. The primary research method used was cross-sectional questionnaires focused on hospital managers’ perceptions of IC, followed by semi-structured interviews and analysis of administrative data. Empirical studies suggest that IC is linked to subjective process and performance indicators in healthcare organizations. Although the literature on IC in healthcare is growing, it is not advanced. In this paper, we identify and examine the conceptual, theoretical and methodological limitations of the literature.
Conclusions
The concept and framework of IC offer a means to study the value of intangible resources in healthcare organizations, how to manage systematically these resources together, and their mutually enhancing interactions on performance. We offer several recommendations for future research.

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Research article
Use of peers, community lay persons and Village Health Team (VHT) members improves six-week postnatal clinic (PNC) follow-up and Early Infant HIV Diagnosis (EID) in urban and rural health units in Uganda: A one-year implementation study
Zikulah Namukwaya, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Peter Mudiope, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Joyce Namale Matovu, Ezra Musingye, Jane Ntongo Ssebaggala, Teopista Nakyanzi, Jubilee John Abwooli, Dorothy Mirembe, Juliane Etima, Edward Bitarakwate, Mary Glenn Fowler and Philippa Martha Musoke
BMC Health Services Research 2015 15:555
Published on: 15 December 2015