POLIO [to 23 January 2016]

POLIO [to 23 January 2016]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)


Polio this week as of 20 January 2016
:: There are three months to go until the globally synchronized switch from the trivalent to bivalent oral polio vaccine, an important milestone in achieving a polio-free world. Read more here.
:: A sample from environmental surveillance in Kabul, Afghanistan has tested positive for wild poliovirus type 1. A vaccination response is being planned for the immediate vicinity.

Selected content from country-level reports
:: Two new WPV1 environmental positive samples were reported in the past week – one in Jalalabad in Nangarhar province, and the second Kabul city. Both samples were collected on 27 December 2015.
:: Subnational Immunization Days (SNIDs) were carried out in the south on 12 to 15 January using bOPV. Further SNIDs are planned from 16 to 19 February, also using bOPV and National Immunization Days (NIDs) are planned from 15 to 18 March using tOPV, prior to the switch. Read more about the switch here.
:: One new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case was reported in the past week, with onset of paralysis on 22 December 2015 in Peshawar. The total number of WPV1 cases for 2015 is now 53, compared to 303 reported for 2014 by this time last year. A total of 306 cases occurred in Pakistan in 2014.
:: Two new WPV1 environmental positive samples were detected in Karachi’s Gadap Town in Sindh province and Quetta, Balochistan with collection dates of 11 December 2015 and 14 December 2015 respectively
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
:: One new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) was reported in the past week, in Longxan district of Xaysomboune province with onset of paralysis on 18 November 2015. The total number of cVDPV1 cases in 2015 is now seven.
:: Outbreaks of cVDPVs can arise in areas with low population immunity, emphasizing the importance of maintaining strong vaccination coverage. Learn more about VDPVs.
:: An emergency outbreak response is continuing in the country, with particular focus on three high-risk provinces.

ECHO [to 23 January 2016]
EU supports vaccination campaign to combat polio in Ukraine
The European Commission is providing €1.2 million to support a third round of polio vaccinations in Ukraine following the start of an outbreak in August last year.

The vaccination campaign is carried out with the cooperation of relevant Ukrainian government ministries, UNICEF and the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Speaking at a press conference in Kiev today launching the latest vaccination drive, Director of Operations of the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), Jean-Louis de Brouwer, stated: “I laud the combined efforts of the Ministries of Health and Education who, together with our partners UNICEF and WHO, have made tremendous strides in vaccinating thousands of children against this dreaded disease”.

The first two rounds of polio vaccinations took place in November 2015, after an outbreak was confirmed by WHO. The third round of vaccinations will target 4.75 million children aged 0-10.
The funding is being made available through the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO). The vaccines were flown in the first week of January in preparation for the latest vaccination drive…