Volume 34, Issue 48, Pages 5819-5990 (21 November 2016)
Pertussis: Biology, epidemiology and prevention
Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, Stanley Plotkin, Kingston H.G. Mills, Scott A. Halperin, Peter B. McIntyre, Valentina Picot, Jacques Louis, David R. Johnson
Despite long-standing vaccination programs, substantial increases in reported cases of pertussis have been described in several countries during the last 5 years. Cases among very young infants who are at greatest risk of pertussis-related hospitalizations and mortality are the most alarming. Multiple hypotheses including but not limited to the availability of more sensitive diagnostic tests, greater awareness, and waning vaccine-induced immunity over time have been posited for the current challenges with pertussis. The conference “Pertussis: biology, epidemiology and prevention” held in Annecy-France (November 11–13, 2015) brought together experts and interested individuals to examine these issues and to formulate recommendations for optimal use of current vaccines, with a particular focus on strategies to minimize severe morbidity and mortality among infants during the first months of life. The expert panel concluded that improving vaccination strategies with current vaccines and development of new highly immunogenic and efficacious pertussis vaccines that have acceptable adverse event profiles are currently the two main areas of investigation for the control of pertussis. Some possible pathways forward to address these main challenges are discussed in this report.