PLoS One

PLoS One
http://www.plosone.org/
[Accessed 21 January 2017]

Research Article
Childhood Vaccine Acceptance and Refusal among Warao Amerindian Caregivers in Venezuela; A Qualitative Approach
Jochem Burghouts, Berenice Del Nogal, Angimar Uriepero, Peter W. M. Hermans, Jacobus H. de Waard, Lilly M. Verhagen
Research Article | published 20 Jan 2017 PLOS ONE
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170227
Abstract

Objectives
Acceptance of childhood vaccination varies between societies, affecting worldwide vaccination coverage. Low coverage rates are common in indigenous populations where parents often choose not to vaccinate their children. We aimed to gain insight into reasons for vaccine acceptance or rejection among Warao Amerindians in Venezuela.

Methods
Based on records of vaccine acceptance or refusal, in-depth interviews with 20 vaccine-accepting and 11 vaccine-declining caregivers were performed. Parents’ attitudes were explored using a qualitative approach.

Results
Although Warao caregivers were generally in favor of vaccination, fear of side effects and the idea that young and sick children are too vulnerable to be vaccinated negatively affected vaccine acceptance. The importance assigned to side effects was related to the perception that these resembled symptoms/diseases of another origin and could thus harm the child. Religious beliefs or traditional healers did not influence the decision-making process.

Conclusions
Parental vaccine acceptance requires educational programs on the preventive nature of vaccines in relation to local beliefs about health and disease. Attention needs to be directed at population-specific concerns, including explanation on the nature of and therapeutic options for side effects.

Do Thai Physicians Recommend Seasonal Influenza Vaccines to Pregnant Women? A Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians’ Perspectives and Practices in Thailand
Prabda Praphasiri, Darunee Ditsungneon, Adena Greenbaum, Fatimah S. Dawood, Pornsak Yoocharoen, Deborah M. Stone, Sonja J. Olsen, Kim A. Lindblade, Charung Muangchana
Research Article | published 18 Jan 2017 PLOS ONE
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169221