Timeliness and risk factors associated with delay for pneumococcal conjugate 10-valent routine immunization in Brazilian children

Volume 35, Issue 7, Pages 993-1100 (15 February 2017)

Timeliness and risk factors associated with delay for pneumococcal conjugate 10-valent routine immunization in Brazilian children
Original Research Article
Pages 1030-1036
Ana Lucia Sartori, Ruth Minamisava, Eliane Terezinha Afonso, Gabriela Moreira Policena, Grécia Carolina Pessoni, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Ana Lucia Andrade
Vaccination coverage is the usual metrics to evaluate the immunization programs performance. For the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate (PCV10) vaccine, measuring the delay of vaccination is also important, particularly as younger children are at increased risk of disease. Routinely collected administrative data was used to assess the timeliness of PCV10 vaccination, and the factors associated with delay to receive the first and second doses, and the completion of the PCV10 3 + 1 schedule.
A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted with children born in 2012 in Central Brazil. Children who received the PCV10 first dose in public health services were followed-up until 23 months of age. Timeliness of receiving each PCV10 dose at any given age was defined as receiving the dose within 28 days grace period from the recommended age by the National Immunization Program. Log-binomial regression models were used to examine risk factors for delays of the first dose and the completion PCV10 3 + 1 schedule.
In total, 14,282 children were included in the cohort of study. Delayed vaccination occurred in 9.4%, 23.8%, 36.8% and 39.9% children for the first, second, third and the booster doses, respectively. A total of 1912 children (12.8% of the cohort) were not adequately vaccinated at the 6 months of life; 1,071 (7%) received the second dose after 6 months of age, 784 (5.4%) did not receive the second dose, and 57 (0.4%) received the first dose after six months of life.
A considerable delay was found in PCV10 third and booster doses. Almost 2 thousand children had not received the recommended PCV10 doses at 6 months of age. Timeliness of vaccination is an issue in Brazil although high vaccination coverages.