Volume 35, Issue 9, Pages 1195-1368 (1 March 2017)
US medical students’ willingness to offer the HPV vaccine by vaccination status
Abbey B. Berenson, Jacqueline M. Hirth, Erika L. Fuchs, the Multidisciplinary Translation Team on Reproductive Women’s Health
We surveyed third-year medical students to assess whether personal vaccination status was associated with willingness to recommend the human papillomavirus vaccine to patients. A total of 231 students completed an anonymous survey evaluating their knowledge, attitudes, and personal vaccine history. Of 122 female students, 81 (66.4%) reported initiating the vaccine, as did 16 of 109 males (14.7%). Females and students ⩽25 years old were more likely to be vaccinated. Knowledge did not vary by vaccination status, but anticipated behaviors did. Vaccinated students reported greater willingness to vaccinate adolescents before 15–16 years of age (92.1% vs. 78.6%, p = 0.008) and discuss vaccination at any type of medical visit (100% vs. 89.7%, p < 0.001). Our findings suggest that prior experiences with the HPV vaccine may influence a provider’s future actions. Thus, interventions that increase awareness of this relationship as well as vaccination rates among health care students may be beneficial.