Emergencies

Emergencies

WHO Grade 3 Emergencies [to 4 March 2017]
Iraq
:: WHO responds to reported use of chemical weapons agents in East Mosul, Iraq
3 March 2017 – Following the reported use of chemical weapons agents in East Mosul, Iraq, WHO, partners and local health authorities have activated an emergency response plan to safely treat men, women and children who may be exposed to the highly toxic chemical.
Since 1 March, 12 patients including women and children with respiratory symptoms and blistering have been received for treatment by a referral hospital in Erbil according to local health authorities. Of these, 4 patients are showing severe signs associated with exposure to a blister agent. WHO and partners are working with health authorities in Erbil to provide support in managing these patients.
Since the beginning of the Mosul crisis, WHO has been taking concrete steps to ensure preparedness for the potential use of chemical weapons, together with local health authorities. As part of a chemical weapons contingency plan, WHO experts have trained more than 120 clinicians and provided them with equipment to safely decontaminate and stabilise patients before they are referred to pre-identified hospitals for further care. Field decontamination and contaminated patients stabilization are built into all field hospitals, and referral systems to pre-identified hospitals are in place.
WHO is extremely alarmed by the use of chemical weapons in Mosul, where innocent civilians are already facing unimaginable suffering as a result of the ongoing conflict.
The use of chemical weapons is a war crime and is prohibited in a series of international treaties. These include the Hague Declaration concerning Asphyxiating Gases, the 1925 Geneva Protocol, the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

NigeriaNo new announcements identified
South SudanNo new announcements identified
The Syrian Arab RepublicNo new announcements identified
YemenNo new announcements identified

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 4 March 2017]
Cameroon No new announcements identified.
Central African Republic No new announcements identified.
Democratic Republic of the Congo No new announcements identified.
Ethiopia No new announcements identified.
Libya No new announcements identified.
Myanmar No new announcements identified.
Niger No new announcements identified.
Ukraine No new announcements identified.

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 

Iraq
:: OCHA Iraq | Flash Update #5: Mosul Humanitarian Response, 1 March 2017 [EN/AR/KU]
:: Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report No. 22 (20 February – 26 February 2017)

Syria
:: 4 Mar 2017 2016 Regional Refugee & Resilience Plan – 3RP (all agencies) – Funding snapshot as of End of 2016 (Final)

Yemen
:: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien Remarks to the Media, Sana’a, Yemen, 2 March 2017
:: OCHA Note to correspondents, Tuesday 28 February

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WHO: Cholera and tuberculosis medical supplies airlifted to Yemen
March 2017 – A plane carrying 8 metric tonnes of cholera kits and tuberculosis medicines provided by WHO and the Global Fund has landed in the Yemeni capital, Sana’a. The cholera kits include anti-diarrhoeal treatment for 12 000 people, laboratory equipment, and rapid diagnostics tests.

UNICEF [to 4 March 2017]
https://www.unicef.org/media/media_94367.html
2 March 2017
More than 1 million children affected by drought in Kenya – UNICEF
NAIROBI, Kenya, 2 March 2017 – The onset of a severe drought in 2016 has hit arid and semi-arid regions in Kenya, affecting over 2.7 million people. UNICEF is supporting the Government of Kenya in initiating and implementing emergency response efforts by delivering life-saving assistance to affected households, strengthening coordination activities, assisting in monitoring of vulnerable groups and in advocacy.

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POLIO [to 4 March 2017]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 1 March 2017
Country Updates [Selected Excerpts]
Pakistan
:: Three new environmental WPV1 positive samples were reported in the past week, from Pishin and Killa Abdullah in Balochistan, and greater Karachi, Sindh, all collected during the first week of February.

[See CDC announcement below]

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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

EBOLA/EVD [to 4 March 2017]
http://www.who.int/ebola/en/
Report
WHO: Building the legacy of Ebola: Survivors, health systems, and a blueprint for research and development
This report describes the work done by WHO from January 2015 up to the end of December 2016 to address the long-term issues of survivor care, health-systems strengthening and research. This work would not otherwise have been possible without the foresight and commitment of donors  who, having contributed generously to the WHO-led response to the outbreak, recognised the importance of dealing with its consequences.
PDF:  Ebola Response Report 2016 (2.1 MB)

Zika virus [to 4 March 2017]
http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/en/
[See CDC announcement below]

Yellow Fever [to 4 March 2017]
http://www.who.int/emergencies/yellow-fever/en/
No new digest content identified for this edition.

MERS-CoV [to 4 March 2017]
http://www.who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
No new digest content identified for this edition.