The role of intervention mapping in designing disease prevention interventions: A systematic review of the literature

PLoS One
http://www.plosone.org/
[Accessed 1 April 2017]

Research Article
The role of intervention mapping in designing disease prevention interventions: A systematic review of the literature
Rayyan M. Garba, Muktar A. Gadanya
Research Article | published 30 Mar 2017 PLOS ONE
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174438
Abstract
Objective
To assess the role of Intervention Mapping (IM) in designing disease prevention interventions worldwide.
Methods
Systematic search and review of the relevant literature—peer-reviewed and grey—was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines.
Findings
Only five of the twenty two included studies reviewed were RCTs that compared intervention using IM protocol with placebo intervention, and provided the outcomes in terms of percentage increase in the uptake of disease-prevention programmes, and only one of the five studies provided an effect measure in the form of relative risk (RR=1.59, 95% CI=1.08–2.34, p=0.02). Of the five RCTs, three were rated as strong evidences, one as a medium evidence and one as a weak evidence, and they all reported statistically significant difference between the two study groups, with disease prevention interventions that have used the intervention mapping approach generally reported significant increases in the uptake of disease-prevention interventions, ranging from 9% to 28.5% (0.0001 ≤ p ≤ 0.02), On the other hand, all the 22 studies have successfully identified the determinants of the uptake of disease prevention interventions that is essential to the success of disease prevention programmes.
Conclusion
Intervention Mapping has been successfully used to plan, implement and evaluate interventions that showed significant increase in uptake of disease prevention programmes. This study has provided a good understanding of the role of intervention mapping in designing disease prevention interventions, and a good foundation upon which subsequent reviews can be guided.