WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 8 April 2017]
Iraq  –
Special health situation report from Mosulpdf, 646kb  1 April 2017

South Sudan  –
WHO supports new initiative to more easily allow people living in South Sudan’s rural communities to access health services
Juba, 3 April 2017 – The World Health Organization (WHO) is supporting the Republic of South Sudan’s Ministry of Health and partners to roll-out a new approach to community health service delivery called the Boma Health Initiative. Currently, only 40% of people in South Sudan are within reach of health facilities and have consistent access to primary health care services. The Boma Health Initiative seeks to provide sustainable delivery of essential health care and public health programmes at the community level.

The Syrian Arab Republic  –
WHO alarmed by use of highly toxic chemicals as weapons in Syria
5 April 2017 | GENEVA – WHO is alarmed by serious reports of the use of highly toxic chemicals in an attack in Khan Shaykhun, southern rural Idleb, Syria. According to Health Cluster partners on the ground treating the patients, at least 70 people have died and hundreds more have been affected. Doctors in Idleb are reporting that dozens of patients suffering from breathing difficulties and suffocation have been admitted to hospitals in the governorate for urgent medical attention, many of them women and children.

Nigeria – No new announcements identified
YemenNo new announcements identified


WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 8 April 2017]
Cameroon  – No new announcements identified.
Central African Republic  – No new announcements identified.
Democratic Republic of the CongoNo new announcements identified.
EthiopiaNo new announcements identified.
LibyaNo new announcements identified.
MyanmarNo new announcements identified.
Niger  – No new announcements identified.
Ukraine  – No new announcements identified.


UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
:: Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report No. 27 (27 March – 2 April 2017) [EN/KU]
:: Mosul Humanitarian Crisis, 4 April 2017

:: 7 Apr 2017  Syrian Arab Republic: 2016 Humanitarian Dashboard, January – December 2016
:: 4 April 2017  Syria crisis: UN Humanitarian Chief welcomes donor pledges of $6 billion to help people in need in…
:: 4 Apr 2017  UN Humanitarian Chief –  Opening remarks at the ‘Humanitarian situation inside Syria: Needs, challenges and way forward” thematic session of the Brussels conference on Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region

:: 4 April 2017  Statement on behalf of the Humanitarian Country Team in Yemen, on the Critical Importance to Maintain Al Hudaydah Port Open [EN/AR]


POLIO [to 8 April 2017]
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

Polio this week as of 5 April 2017
:: Last week, the Technical Advisory Group Consultation on Polio Eradication in Pakistan convened in Islamabad, to review current epidemiology and strategies to eradicate remaining strains of transmission for the rest of the year. See ‘Pakistan’ section below for more.

Country Updates [Selected Excerpts]
New cases or environmental samples reported across the monitored country/region settings: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, Lake Chad Basin. Guinea and West Africa, and Lao People’s Democratic Republic have been removed from the monitored geographies list.
:: No new activity reported


Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

Zika virus  [to 8 April 2017]
WHO: Study on the persistence of Zika virus in body fluids
April 2017 – Over the course of 2016, WHO along with the global research community quickly built evidence that Zika virus transmission through sex was not only possible, but more common than previously assumed. But many questions still remain unanswered.

MERS-CoV [to 8 April 2017]
Disease outbreak news
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar   
4 April 2017
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
3 April 2017

Yellow Fever  [to 8 April 2017]
Disease outbreak news
Yellow fever – Brazil  4 April 2017
Updates on yellow fever vaccination recommendations for international travellers related to the current situation in Brazil

EBOLA/EVD  [to 8 April 2017]
[See CDC reports below]