Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of university students, faculty, and staff during a meningococcal serogroup B outbreak vaccination program

Vaccine
Volume 35, Issue 18, Pages 2279-2530 (25 April 2017)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0264410X/35/18

Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of university students, faculty, and staff during a meningococcal serogroup B outbreak vaccination program
Original Research Article
Pages 2520-2530
D.M. MacDougall, J.M. Langley, L. Li, L. Ye, D. MacKinnon-Cameron, K.A. Top, S.A. McNeil, B.A. Halperin, A. Swain, J.A. Bettinger, E. Dubé, G. De Serres, S.A. Halperin, for the Canadian Immunization Research Network
Abstract
Objectives
During an outbreak of invasive meningococcal B disease on a university campus, we explored the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of members of the university community in relation to the disease, the vaccine, and the vaccination program.
Design
All students, faculty and staff were invited by email to participate in a 71-item online survey, which was administered after completion of the mass clinics for the first and second doses of a meningococcal B vaccination program.
Results
A total of 404 individuals responded to the survey; 75.7% were students. Knowledge about meningococcal disease and vaccine was generally high; more than 70% correct responses were received on each knowledge question except for one question about the different meningococcal serogroups. Gender (female) and higher knowledge scores were significantly associated with either being immunized or intending to be immunized (p < 0.05). Positive attitudes about immunization, concern about meningococccal infection, a sense of community responsibility, and trust in public health advice also correlated with being vaccinated or intending to be vaccinated (p < 0.05).