Motorcycles, Cell Phones, and Electricity Can Dramatically Change the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease in Africa

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume 96, Issue 5, 2017
http://www.ajtmh.org/content/current

Perspective Pieces
Motorcycles, Cell Phones, and Electricity Can Dramatically Change the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease in Africa
Authors: Jean-Christophe Lagier, Cheikh Sokhna and Didier Raoult
https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0290
Abstract
Some observations and recent publications demonstrated, particularly in Africa, the potential influence that low-cost motorcycles, cell phones, and even widespread electrification could have on the evolution of infectious diseases, particularly zoonoses. Our reflections support the conclusion that we should focus on the real-time surveillance systems including alerting systems leading to a rapid and flexible response rather than the strongly limited modeling of infectious diseases because of the continuous evolution of microorganisms, as well as changes in the environment and human habits that are unpredictable.