PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
(Accessed 27 May 2017)
Russian–United States vaccine science diplomacy: Preserving the legacy
Peter J. Hotez
| published 25 May 2017 PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
United States–Russia tensions over the hostilities in Ukraine, collapsed cease-fires and chemical weapons use in Syria, and accusations of alleged cyberattacks may require a diplomatic reset. To help ease growing strains and restore dialogue and cooperation, it is worth looking to a productive and extraordinary historical record of international scientific collaborations.
Throughout the last half of the 20th century, the United States and Soviet Union managed a complex Cold War foreign policy relationship by opening and maintaining channels in sports, the arts, literature, and other humanitarian endeavors. One of the most productive engagements was through a mostly clandestine joint initiative to develop, test, and deliver life-saving vaccines that targeted the ancient scourges of humankind. Ultimately, through Cold War vaccine diplomacy, smallpox was eradicated, and polio was mostly eliminated …