From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

BMJ Open
Volume 7, Issue 6  2017
Health economics
Research
A systematic review of economic evaluations of seasonal influenza vaccination for the elderly population in the European Union
GE Shields, J Elvidge, LM Davies
Abstract
Objectives The Council of the European Union (EU) has recommended that action should be taken to increase influenza vaccination in the elderly population. The aims were to systematically review and critically appraise economic evaluations for influenza vaccination in the elderly population in the EU.
Methods Electronic searches of the NHS Economic Evaluation, Health Technology Assessment, MEDLINE and Embase databases were run to identify full economic evaluations. Two levels of screening were used, with explicit inclusion criteria applied by two independent reviewers at each stage. Prespecified data extraction and critical appraisal were performed on identified studies. Results were summarised qualitatively.
Results Of the 326 search results, screening identified eight relevant studies. Results varied widely, with the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio ranging from being both more effective and cheaper than no intervention to costing €4 59 350 per life-year gained. Cost-effectiveness was most sensitive to variations in influenza strain, vaccination type and strategy, population and modelling characteristics.
Conclusions Most studies suggest that vaccination is cost-effective (seven of eight studies identified at least one cost-effective scenario). All but one study used economic models to synthesise data from different sources. The results are uncertain due to the methods used and the relevance and robustness of the data used. Sensitivity analysis to explore these aspects was limited. Integrated, controlled prospective clinical and economic evaluations and surveillance data are needed to improve the evidence base. This would allow more advanced modelling techniques to characterise the epidemiology of influenza more accurately and improve the robustness of cost-effectiveness estimates.
 
 
Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
Latest Articles
Review
A systematic review of the health economic consequences of quadrivalent influenza vaccination
P.T. de Boer, B.M. van Maanen, Oliver Damm, Bernhard Ultsch, Franklin C.K. Dolk, Pascal Crépey, Richard Pitman, J.C. Wilschut & M.J. Postma http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6306-3653
This is the author accepted version which has not been proofed or edited
Abstract
Background: Quadrivalent influenza vaccines (QIVs) contain antigens derived from an additional influenza type B virus as compared with currently used trivalent influenza vaccines (TIVs). This should overcome a potential reduced vaccine protection due to mismatches between TIV and circulating B viruses. In this study, we systematically reviewed the available literature on health economic evaluations of switching from TIV to QIV.
Areas Covered: The databases of Medline and Embase were searched systematically to identify health economic evaluations of QIV versus TIV published before September 2016.A total of sixteen studies were included, thirteen cost-effectiveness analyses and three cost-comparisons.
Expert commentary: Published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of QIV suggests that switching from TIV to QIV would be a valuable intervention from both the public health and economic viewpoint. However, more research seems mandatory. Our main recommendations for future research include: 1) more extensive use of dynamic models in order to estimate the full impact of QIV on influenza transmission including indirect effects, 2) improved availability of data on disease outcomes and costs related to influenza type B viruses, and 3) more research on immunogenicity of natural influenza infection and vaccination, with emphasis on cross-reactivity between different influenza B viruses and duration of protection.

ASCO Annual Meeting 2017 – Paper
Prevention of HPV-Related Cancers: A Case for Global Equity and Local Action
June 2, 2017
By Cosette M. Wheeler, PhD; Isabel C. Scarinci, PhD, MPH; Silvia de Sanjosé, MD, PhD; and Silvina Arrossi, PhD
Article Highlights
HPV causes virtually all cervical cancer, with 87% of deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries. HPV vaccines can dramatically reduce HPV-related cancer incidence, and international efforts are underway to promote HPV vaccination.
The structure and strength of local health care systems and infrastructure for vaccine delivery are key to HPV vaccine implementation, and approaches may require adaptations to existing delivery settings to provide effective vaccination programs.
Given that health care provider recommendation is the strongest predictor of HPV vaccination,36-39 providers in the United States have a prime opportunity to promote HPV vaccination by pairing HPV vaccination with required vaccinations, such as tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) and meningococcal vaccinations.36-39
Although HPV vaccination is the primary tool in our fight to eliminate cervical and other HPV-related cancers, it does not replace cervical cancer screening, including screening of women who have received HPV vaccination or who are already infected with high-risk HPV.

JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
1 July 2017 – Volume 75 – Issue – p S370–S374
Increasing Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Coverage Among Men Who Have Sex With Men—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, United States, 2014
SE Oliver, BE Hoots, G Paz-Bailey, LE Markowitz… –
Abstract
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause oropharyngeal and anogenital cancers among men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) extended HPV vaccine recommendations to males through age 21 and MSM through age 26. Because of this distinction, vaccination for some MSM might rely on sexual behavior disclosure to health care providers. Receipt of ≥1 HPV vaccination among MSM aged 18–26 in National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) was 4.9% in 2011. We evaluated HPV vaccine coverage and associated factors among MSM in 2014.
Setting: Twenty US metropolitan statistical areas in 2014.
Methods: Coverage was calculated as percentage of MSM self-reporting ≥1 HPV vaccination. Adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated from Poisson regression models to estimate associations of demographic and behavioral characteristics with HPV vaccination.
Results: Among 2892 MSM aged 18–26 years, HPV vaccine coverage was 17.2%. Overall, 2326 (80.4%) reported a health care visit within 12 months, and 2095 (72.4%) disclosed MSM attraction or behavior to a health care provider. Factors associated with vaccination included self-reported HIV infection; having a health care visit within 12 months, health insurance, or a usual place of care; and disclosing MSM attraction or behavior to a health care provider.
Conclusions: Since the 2011 recommendation for vaccination of males, HPV vaccine coverage among MSM increased, but remains low. Most MSM reported a recent health care visit and disclosed sexual behavior, indicating opportunities for vaccination. Potential strategies for increasing MSM coverage include improving access to recommended care, and offering education for providers and patients