Venezuela and its rising vector-borne neglected diseases

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
(Accessed 1 July 2017)

Venezuela and its rising vector-borne neglected diseases
Peter J. Hotez, María-Gloria Basáñez, Alvaro Acosta-Serrano, Maria Eugenia Grillet
Published: June 29, 2017
[Initial text]
Poverty remains the overriding social determinant for the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), but over the last several decades, we have also seen how political destabilization or even outright conflict can hasten economic declines and promote a substantial uptick in NTD incidence and prevalence [1]. Recent examples include the emergence of Ebola virus infection in West Africa [2], visceral leishmaniasis and other NTDs in East Africa [3, 4], and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Middle East and North Africa [5], as well as guerilla activities linked to the drug trade in Latin America [6]. Vector-borne (taken here to encompass diseases transmitted by arthropods or snails) and zoonotic NTDs have been disproportionately represented among these emerging or reemerging infections.
A recent example of vector-borne NTDs reemerging due to political destabilization and economic collapse has been happening in Venezuela …