Benefit Sharing in a Global Context: Working Towards Solutions for Implementation (pages 70–76)

Developing World Bioethics
August 2017  Volume 17, Issue 2  Pages 61–140
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dewb.2017.17.issue-2/issuetoc

Benefit Sharing in a Global Context: Working Towards Solutions for Implementation (pages 70–76)
Daniel J. Hurst
Version of Record online: 1 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/dewb.12118
Abstract
Due to the state of globalized clinical research, questions have been raised as to what, if any, benefits those who contribute to research should receive. One model for compensating research participants is “benefit sharing,” and the basic premise is that, as a matter of justice, those who contribute to scientific research should share in its benefits. While incorporated into several international documents for over two decades, benefit sharing has only been sparsely implemented. This analysis begins by addressing the concept of benefit sharing, its historical development, and how it has been applied in the context of virus sharing for influenza research. The second portion of this analysis presents recommendations for ensuring benefit sharing. These recommendations are threefold: 1) an emphasis on social pressure, 2) the revision of international documents as means to ensure benefit sharing, and 3) greater collaboration between sponsor IRB and host country IRB. Because clinical research is a globalized industry, a global model will be proposed in the second that focuses on collaboration between the sponsor and host country. This collaboration is vital in order to ensure that proper forms of benefit sharing are accomplished as a matter of justice.