[DIS-17-0023] The Enduring Health Challenges of Afghan Immigrants and Refugees in Iran: A Systematic Review

PLOS Currents: Disasters
http://currents.plos.org/disasters/
[Accessed 22 July 2017]

Review
[DIS-17-0023] The Enduring Health Challenges of Afghan Immigrants and Refugees in Iran: A Systematic Review
July 21, 2017 ·
Introduction
Iran is the third country in the world with the highest number of registered refugees with the majority coming from Afghanistan. They suffer major health and social risks yet their health status has never been comprehensively determined.
Methods
This systematic review of the literature highlights major disparities among documented immigrants in health access, communicable and non-communicable diseases and the increasingly desperate plight of undocumented immigrants.
Results
Comparing with Iranian population, the findings suggest the higher prevalence of most diseases among Afghan immigrants and refugees. This highlights the importance of increasing the migrants’ access to health services from both public health as well as human rights perspectives.
Discussion
Although the Iranian government has taken new initiatives to overcome this challenge, certain issues have still remained unaddressed. Potential solutions to improve this process are discussed.