28 July 2017 Vol 357, Issue 6349
We still need to beat HIV
By François Dabis, Linda-Gail Bekker
Science28 Jul 2017 : 33
Despite remarkable advances in HIV treatment and prevention, the limited political will and leadership in many countries—particularly in West and Central Africa and Eastern Europe—have fallen short of translating these gains into action. As a result, nearly 2 million infections occurred in 2016, creating a situation that is challenging to counter. This week in Paris, the International AIDS Society (IAS) convened researchers, health experts, and policy-makers to discuss the global state of this epidemic. It has been more than three decades since AIDS was clinically observed and associated with HIV infection. Since then, HIV has accounted for 35 million deaths worldwide. Today, about 37 million people are infected. IAS and the French Research Agency on HIV and Viral Hepatitis (ANRS) have now released the Paris Statement (www.ias2017.org/The-Paris-Statement-HIV-Science-Matters) to remind world leaders why HIV science matters, how it should be strengthened, and why it should be funded globally and durably so that new evidence can be translated into policy.