CDC/ACIP [to 19 August 2017]

CDC/ACIP [to 19 August 2017]
Friday, August 04, 2017

CDC invests more than $200 million to help states respond to infectious disease threats –
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has awarded more than $200 million through the Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases (ELC) cooperative agreement to help states, cities, counties, and territories prevent, detect, respond to, and control the growing threats posed by emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. State programs are the foundation of the U.S. public health system and are integral to the nation’s efforts to combat infectious disease threats. CDC and states work together to improve local surveillance, laboratory diagnostic capabilities, and outbreak response…

Friday, August 04, 2017
Zika Virus CDC’s Emergency Operations Center is activated at Level 2 to respond to Zika. Zika is currently a risk in many countries and territories.
MMWR News Synopsis for August 17, 2017
:: Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Afghanistan, January 2016–June 2017
Afghanistan has made progress in its polio eradication efforts during the period of January 2016 to June 2017. To accomplish eradication, it is critical that Afghanistan continue to focus on improving campaign quality in the southern part of the country through enhanced oversight and targeted campaigns. Both Afghanistan and Pakistan should continue prioritizing coordination on surveillance and vaccination activities to track and vaccinate children among their high-risk mobile populations. This report highlights polio eradication progress, challenges, and solutions implemented in Afghanistan during January 2016–June 2017. Thirteen cases were confirmed in 2016, a decrease from 20 cases reported in 2015. From January to June 2017, five cases were reported, compared with six during the same period in 2016. The polio program in Afghanistan has enhanced its management and accountability during vaccination campaigns and strengthened its coordination with Pakistan to track and vaccinate the children in high-risk populations that move between both countries. Vaccination teams have been increased at transit points in and out of areas that are inaccessible due to security challenges, as well as along travel routes and at border crossings. Community-based religious leaders and volunteers are deployed to increase acceptance of vaccination among families that had previously refused and to follow up after campaigns to identify and vaccinate children who were missed.

MMWR News Synopsis for August 3, 2017
:: Meningitis Outbreak Caused by Vaccine-Preventable Bacterial Pathogens — Northern Ghana, 2016
Building and sustaining laboratory and surveillance capacity in countries where meningitis outbreaks are common is critical to ensure rapid and effective response to meningitis outbreaks.   
Bacterial meningitis can lead to death and serious disabilities such as deafness, nervous system problems, and brain damage. Countries in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa, including Ghana, have the highest incidence of bacterial meningitis and experience seasonal epidemics. During 2015-2016, Ghana experienced an increase in pneumococcal meningitis followed by a large outbreak of N. meningitidis serogroup W meningitis. Based on laboratory and epidemiologic data, more than 130,000 doses of meningococcal serogroup W containing vaccine were administered to the most affected districts. Rapid identification of the bacterium causing meningitis outbreaks is critical for directing targeted public health interventions, including vaccination.