Pediatrics – September 2017, VOLUME 140 / ISSUE 3

September 2017, VOLUME 140 / ISSUE 3

Epidemiology of Acute Otitis Media in the Postpneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Era
Ravinder Kaur, Matthew Morris, Michael E. Pichichero
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170181; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0181
In this 10-year prospective study, we capture the epidemiology and risk factors of AOM and the otitis-prone condition in the PCV era.

Vaccine Education During Pregnancy and Timeliness of Infant Immunization
Priya Veerasingam, Cameron C. Grant, Carol Chelimo, Kathryn Philipson, Catherine A. Gilchrist, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Carlos A. Camargo, Susan Morton
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163727; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3727
We identify pregnant women’s sources of immunization information and determine the associations of receiving encouraging or discouraging information with their infants’ immunization timeliness.

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Requiring Hospitalization
Gregory Williamson, Bilaal Ahmed, Parvathi S. Kumar, Barbara E. Ostrov, Jessica E. Ericson
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170298; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0298
Through a retrospective chart review, this study determined the incidence of VPDs in central-Pennsylvania Amish, Mennonite, and non-Plain children requiring hospitalization.
Open Access

Vaccines and Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship
Adam L. Hersh, Katherine E. Fleming-Dutra
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171695; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1695

Adverse Events Following Immunization: Will It Happen Again?
Sean T. O’Leary, Yvonne A. Maldonado
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20171760; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-1760

Review Articles
Open Access
Risk of Recurrence of Adverse Events Following Immunization: A Systematic Review
Joseline Guetsop Zafack, Gaston De Serres, Marilou Kiely, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Isabelle Rouleau, Karina Anne-Marie Top, for the Canadian Immunization Research Network
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20163707; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3707
This systematic review presents the risk of recurrence of AEFIs in patients who receive subsequent doses of vaccine.

Special Article
Methodological and Ethical Issues in Pediatric Medication Safety Research
Delesha Carpenter, Daniel Gonzalez, George Retsch-Bogart, Betsy Sleath, Benjamin Wilfond
Pediatrics Sep 2017, 140 (3) e20170195; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-0195
This executive summary describes current challenges to conducting pediatric medication safety research and highlights state-of-the-art methodologies to overcome these challenges.