Emergencies

Emergencies
 
POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 27 September 2017 [GPEI]
:: Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
…Pakistan:  one new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case reported, in Lakki Marwat district, Khyber Pakhtoon province; four new WPV1-positive environmental samples, reported in Sindh and Balochistan provinces.
…Afghanistan: two new WPV1-positive environmental samples reported in Kandahar province.

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WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 30 September 2017]
South Sudan
:: South Sudan completes the self-assessment for the implementation of the Joint External Evaluation of the International Health Regulations (2005)  25 September 2017
:: Read the latest health situation report pdf, 1.59Mb  22 September 2017
General cholera trends
Cholera transmission has continued to decline countrywide. In the last four weeks [weeks
35-38], cholera cases dropped from at least 132 cases in week 35 of 2017 to at least 5 cases
In week 38 of 2017…
 
The Syrian Arab Republic
:: WHO online trainings help medical staff in Syria’s besieged areas save lives  28-09-2017

Yemen
:: [Cholera] Daily epidemiology bulletin, 27 September 2017
[See Cholera above for more detail]

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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies [to 30 September 2017]
Democratic Republic of the Congo
::
WHO is providing essential medicines for basic health care in response to the growing humanitarian needs of internally displaced people in Tanganyika and Greater Kasai
[French] 26 September 2017 — In this emergency project, WHO is providing medicines to about 100 health facilities in targeted health zones to reduce the impact of epidemics affecting IDPs and host communities.

Ethiopia
::
Integrated Measles and EOS campaign protects 2.6 million children in Ethiopia’s Somali Region
11 September 2017 –Measles is a highly infectious vaccine-preventable disease. While children that are not immunized are at risk, those that are also malnourished or are already affected by other diseases are especially susceptible to it. Children in countries and districts where there is an ongoing emergency such as the current drought which has led to water scarcity and food insecurity in the Horn of Africa are therefore more at risk of contracting the virus and developing complications that often lead to disability and even death…

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Iraq
::
OCHA Iraq | Hawiga Flash Update #2: Hawiga Humanitarian Response, 29 September 2017
 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: 29 Sep 2017 
Children in Homs vaccinated against measles thanks to UNICEF
With World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health, UNICEF launched a two-week vaccination campaign against measles. The campaign aims to reach over 260,000 children, aged 5-12 years old, in Homs with the necessary vaccines, focusing on children in hard to reach areas and shelters for internally displaced families…

Yemen  
::
eDEWS Cholera Response Daily Epidemiological Update [EN/AR]
[See Cholera above for more detail]

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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
DRC
:: DRC: More than 1 million people uprooted from their homes by lingering violence in Kasai
Published on 25 Sep 2017

Nigeria 
:: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock : Opening remarks on Lake Chad Basin for the noon briefing – 28.09.17

Somalia 
:: Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, September 2017 | Issued on 26 September 2017
HIGHLIGHTS
…Displaced persons among worst affected by drought.
…Over 100,000 displaced people evicted from settlements in 2017, according to the Norwegian Refuge Council.
…AWD/Cholera cases have declined from a peak of over 5,300 cases in June to 93 cases in August.
…Strengthening localization of humanitarian response
 
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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

MERS-CoV [to 30 September 2017]
http://www.who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
27 September 2017
Countries agree next steps to combat global health threat by MERS-CoV
Critical next steps to accelerate the response to the global public health threat posed by Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been agreed by representatives from the Ministries of Health and Ministries of Agriculture of affected and at-risk countries, and experts. The virus, which circulates in dromedary camels without causing visible disease, can be fatal for humans.

At a meeting hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in Geneva this week, more than 130 experts from 33 countries, organizations and research institutions met to share what is known about the virus, identify priority research needs, improve cross-collaboration between animal and human health sectors and agree on a plan to address crucial gaps.

“MERS is not only a regional threat. While the majority of human cases have been reported from the Middle-East, the outbreak in the Republic of Korea in 2015 showed MERS’ global reach and capacity to have significant public health and economic consequences,” said Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, MERS-CoV Technical Lead in WHO’s Health Emergencies programme. “We are at the stage where we have to confront the challenges in our ability to detect and respond to MERS outbreaks and improve our knowledge about this virus through collaborative research,” she said.

Since 2012, when the virus was first identified in Saudi Arabia, there have been 2081 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection reported to WHO from 27 countries, with at least 722 deaths – a fatality rate of 35%. While progress has been made in research and surveillance, significant gaps remain in understanding the virus, including how it circulates in dromedary camels, the natural reservoir host, or how it spills over into the human population.

“MERS-CoV is a disease with a significant impact on public health, which requires further investigations in animal sources to better understand its epidemiology and improve its control in humans. OIE Member Countries are requested to notify any occurrences of MERS-CoV in animals. This crucial information will contribute to escalating a coordinated response from the animal and human health sectors”, said Dr Gounalan Pavade, Chargé de mission, OIE…
 
 
CDC Is Deactivating the Emergency Operations Center for the Zika Response
Press Release  September 29, 2017
CDC is deactivating its emergency response for Zika virus (Zika) to transition efforts to normal program operations on September 29, 2017. On January 22, 2016, CDC activated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) in response to the devastating effects of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. A team of experts from across the agency, called the Zika Coordination and Operations Transition Team (ZCOTT), will lead the transition from EOC activation to routine, long-term activities and will ensure timely coordination and collaboration on scientific, communication, and policy activities..