Developing World Bioethics December 2017  Volume 17, Issue 3 Pages 141–216

Developing World Bioethics
December 2017  Volume 17, Issue 3  Pages 141–216
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dewb.2017.17.issue-3/issuetoc

GENERAL EDITORIAL
Research ethics and the Zika legacy in Brazil (pages 142–143)
Debora Diniz and Ilana Ambrogi
Version of Record online: 12 NOV 2017 | DOI: 10.1111/dewb.12175
[No abstract]

ARTICLES
Social Responsibility and the State’s Duty to provide Healthcare: An Islamic Ethico-Legal Perspective (pages 205–214)
Aasim I. Padela
Version of Record online: 30 DEC 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/dewb.12140
Abstract
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes. In this essay I reflect on a state’s moral obligation to provide healthcare from the perspective of Islamic moral theology and law. I examine how Islamic ethico-legal conceptual analogues for human rights and communal responsibility, ḥuqūq al-’ibād and farḍ al-kifāyah and other related constructs might be used to advance a moral argument for healthcare provision by the state. Moving from theory to application, I next illustrate how notions of human rights and social responsibility were used by Muslim stakeholders to buttress moral arguments to support American healthcare reform. In this way, the paper advance discourses on a universal bioethics and common morality by bringing into view the concordances and discordances between Islamic ethico-legal constructs and moral arguments advanced by transnational health policy advocates. It also provides insight into applied Islamic bioethics by demonstrating how Islamic ethico-legal values might inform the discursive outputs of Muslim organizations.