CDC/ACIP [to 25 November 2017]

CDC/ACIP [to 25 November 2017]
Wednesday, November 15, 2017

MMWR News Synopsis for November 24, 2017
Public Health Economic Burden Associated with Two Single Measles Case Investigations — Colorado, 2016–2017
CDC Media Relations
Even a single measles case is expensive and burdensome to public health agencies. Measles can be prevented by a safe and effective vaccine. Measles outbreaks in the United States occur after introduction from international travelers and can be amplified in undervaccinated communities. Effective interruption of transmission requires timely case investigation. The Tri-County Health Department in the metropolitan Denver area assessed the total economic burden of two measles case investigations. Each case exposed hundreds of people, prompting a complex and coordinated response by multiple public health agencies. Public health costs of disease investigation in the first and second case were an estimated $49,769 and $15,573, respectively. Single measles cases prompted extensive public health action and were costly and resource intensive for local public health agencies.

Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication – Pakistan, January 2016-September 2017
Interruption of wild poliovirus (WPV) circulation, and therefore eradication, is within reach in Pakistan. Despite progress made during 2016, virus is still detected in the environment of high-risk areas in the country, and children continue to be missed by vaccination efforts. These factors pose a challenge to the goal of achieving zero cases. To reach this goal, Pakistan must continue heightened polio surveillance, respond aggressively to any new cases, and vaccinate all children. Pakistan is one of three countries – including Afghanistan and Nigeria –where WPV has never stopped circulating. During 2017, Pakistan made significant improvements to its polio eradication program. As a result, the number of reported polio cases decreased by 69 percent, with five WPV cases compared to 16 cases reported during the same period in 2016. Despite the decrease, the virus continues to circulate in certain areas and children continue to be missed by immunization campaigns.


Africa CDC   [to 25 November 2017]
No new digest content identified.


China CDC    [to 25 November 2017]
No new digest content identified.