Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 31 January 2018 [GPEI]
:: New on http://polioeradication.org/: As part of the GPEI’s plan to capture and share lessons learnt since its inception, the programme has released detailed best practice guides for active surveillance for polio eradication, monitoring the quality of polio eradication campaign performance, and microplanning.
:: Last week, Member states and partners met to discuss polio transition and keeping the world polio-free after eradication at the WHO Executive Board Meeting.
:: Chris Maher, a long-time polio eradicator and a central part of the polio programme, has been recognised in the Australia Day honours list named as an Officer of the Order of Australia. His recognition comes for his distinguished service to community and international public health through technical, operational and management roles in the global eradication of poliomyelitis.

:: Weekly country updates as of 31 January 2018
:: Advance notification has been received of two new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in Kandahar province. One case occurred in Shawalikot district, with onset on 5 January 2018, and one occurred in Boldak district, with onset on 6 January 2018. These cases will be confirmed in next week’s data reporting, raising the number of officially reported WPV1 cases in Afghanistan in 2018 to three.
::  Five new WPV1 positive environmental samples were reported this week. One sample was collected in Lashkargah district, Hilmand province on 26 December 2017, and one was collected in Kandahar district, Kandahar province, on 27 December 2017. On 8 January 2018, two samples were collected in Kandahar district, Kandahar province and one sample was collected from Lashkargah district, Hilmand province.…
:: Two new WPV1 positive environmental samples have been reported, one collected from Sindh province, and one from Balochistan province.

Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 32, 30 January 2018
Situation update 30 January 2018
:: No new cases of cVDPV2 were reported this week. The total number of cVDPV2 cases remains 74. The most recent case (by date of onset of paralysis) is 21 September 2017 from Boukamal district, Deir Ez-Zor governorate.
:: The first round (mOPV2) of the second phase of the outbreak response has been completed in all the targeted governorates (Deir Ez-Zor, Homs, Hasakah and Raqqa). The campaign was extended for 2 days in some areas to ensure low performing pockets were covered.
:: According to administrative reports a total of 665 736 children under 5 years were vaccinated with mOPV2, representing 96% of the total estimated target.
:: On 29 January, the Syrian Ministry of Health, World Health Organization and UNICEF met with a communication specialist deployed to support the outbreak response to coordinate on the implementation of communication microplans at lower district and lower levels.
:: Preparations continue for the second vaccination round which will utilize IPV. Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners continue to assist.


WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 3 February 2018]
The Syrian Arab Republic
:: Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 32, 30 January 2018
[See Polio above for detail]

WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 3 February 2018]
Bangladesh/Myanmar: Rakhine Conflict 2017
:: Over 350,000 children to get additional dose of diphtheria vaccine in Cox’s Bazar
28 January 2018, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh – Stepping up efforts to curtail the ongoing diphtheria outbreak in Cox’s Bazar, WHO and UNICEF are working with Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to vaccinate over 350,000 children in the Rohingya camps and makeshift settlements with an additional dose of diphtheria vaccine.
“An additional dose of diphtheria vaccine is expected to further boost immunity of vulnerable children and help restrict diphtheria. These intense campaigns demonstrate the commendable efforts being made by Bangladesh to protect the health of a vulnerable population,” said Dr Bardan Jung Rana, World Health Organization’s ai Representative to Bangladesh…
:: Weekly Situation Report #11 – 29 January 2018

Central African Republic 
:: Responding to forgotten crises – Together with the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund  27 January 2017

Democratic Republic of the Congo  
:: Cholera in Kinshasa – WHO is redeploying experts to control the epidemic
15 January 2018 Kinshasa — On a 24-hour working visit to the Democrati Republic of Congo’s capital, heavily affected by the cholera epidemic, Dr Matshidiso MOETI, WHO Regional Director for Africa, told the Minister of Health, Public Health, Dr Oly ILUNGA Monday, of a reinforced emergency support mechanism putting all the experts from the Country Office and those deployed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (epidemiologists, logisticians, data managers, specialists in communication on risks, social mobilization and community engagement etc.) available to the DPS to strengthen the response against cholera.

UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: 2 Feb 2018  Monitoring Violence Against Health Care: Annual Report, 2017
:: Assistant-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ms. Ursula Mueller, Statement to the Security Council on Syria, 30 January 2018
Report from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Published on 30 Jan 2018
:: Turkey | Syria: Recent Developments in Northwestern Syria (Idleb Governorate and Afrin District) (as of 30 January 2018)

:: 31 Jan 2018  Yemen: Escalation of armed clashes in Aden – Flash Update 3 | 31 January 2018
:: 30 Jan 2018  Statement by the Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen Ad Interim, Stephen Anderson, on the Situation in Aden [EN/AR]


UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
:: ISCG Situation Update: Rohingya Refugee Crisis, Cox’s Bazar | 27 January 2018

:: 29 Jan 2018  Ethiopia: Conflict Displacement Situation Report (23 January 2018)
:: Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Mark Lowcock, remarks at the High-Level Event on the New Way of Working  Published on 28 Jan 2018

:: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Opening Remarks at the Launch of the 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan and the Resilience and Recovery Framework  Published on 30 Jan 2018
Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

MERS-CoV [to 3 February 2018]
:: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia 26 January 2018
Between 9 December 2017 and 17 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 20 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including nine deaths. In addition, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO…
:: MERS situation update, December 2017
At the end of December 2017, a total of 2,127 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 757 associated deaths (case–fatality rate: 35.6%) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (1753 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 683 related deaths with a case–fatality rate of 38.9%). During the month of December, 6 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS were reported globally as follows- 4 cases in Saudi Arabia including one associated death, one case in United Arab of Emirates and one case in Malaysia. No health-care associated transmission or hospital outbreak was reported during this month. The demographic…
Yellow Fever  [to 3 February 2018]
:: Eliminating Yellow Fever Epidemics (EYE) Strategy: Meeting demand for yellow fever vaccines
A joint statement by WHO, UNICEF and Gavi. 29 January 2018
[See Milestones above for more detail]