Fake facts and alternative truths in medical research

BMC Medical Ethics
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcmedethics/content
(Accessed 3 February 2018)

Debate
27 January 2018
Fake facts and alternative truths in medical research
Authors: Bjørn Hofmann
Background
Fake news and alternative facts have become commonplace in these so-called “post-factual times.” What about medical research – are scientific facts fake as well? Many recent disclosures have fueled the claim that scientific facts are suspect and that science is in crisis. Scientists appear to engage in facting interests instead of revealing interesting facts. This can be observed in terms of what has been called polarised research, where some researchers continuously publish positive results while others publish negative results on the same issue – even when based on the same data. In order to identify and address this challenge, the objective of this study is to investigate how polarised research produce “polarised facts.” Mammography screening for breast cancer is applied as an example