Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 28 February 2018 [GPEI]
:: 23 February marked 64 years since the first large-scale trial of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Developed by Joseph Salk, IPV was found to be safe and effective, and is now part of routine vaccination programmes worldwide. Each year, it confers lifelong protection against polio to millions of young children.
:: Learn more about IPV by watching our brand new animation on the two polio vaccines, available in English, French, and Arabic.
::  Summary of newly-reported viruses this week:
Afghanistan: Three new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) positive environmental samples have been reported in Nangarhar province.
Pakistan: Four new WPV1 positive environmental samples have been reported, two collected in Sindh province, one in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, and one in Balochistan province.

Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 36, 27 February 2018
Situation update 27 February 2018
[Editor’ text bolding]
:: No new cases of cVDPV2 were reported this week. The total number of cVDPV2 cases remains 74. The most recent case (by date of onset of paralysis) is 21 September 2017 from Boukamal district, Deir Ez-Zor governorate.
:: An inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) immunization round continues in accessible areas of Aleppo utilizing mobile and fixed teams. To date the round has reached a total of 233,518 children aged 2-23 months, representing 71% of the estimated target, in Damascus, Hasakah, parts of Aleppo governorates, and Jurmana district of rural Damascus.
:: All empty vials of monovalent Oral Polio Vaccine type 2 (mOPV2) have been collected and destroyed in Damascus.
:: Preparations are ongoing for a nationwide immunization round utilizing bivalent OPV (bOPV), which is planned for March. The campaign will target all children aged less than 5 years.
:: An independent external surveillance review has concluded in Iraq. The Ministry of Health Iraq has accepted a key recommendation to revitalize the AFP surveillance system in conflict affected northern governorates bordering Syria.
:: The Global Certification Commission for Polio Eradication in its 17th meeting in Geneva acknowledged the dedication of frontline health workers and their efforts to help control the cVDPV2 outbreak in Syria, noting innovative operational strategies used to overcome challenges in the field to reach all children and to ensure adequate specimen transportation.


WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 3 March 2018]
The Syrian Arab Republic
:: Syria cVDPV2 outbreak situation report 36, 27 February 2018
[See Polio above for detail]

WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 3 March 2018]
Bangladesh/Myanmar: Rakhine Conflict 2017
:: 28 February 2018 Rohingya crisis: KS Relief gives US$2 million to strengthen Sadar District Hospital in Cox’s Bazar
Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh,: The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre announced a US$2 million grant to the World Health Organization for upgrading the Sadar District Hospital in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, to enhance health care services for Rohingyas and their host communities.
WHO leads and coordinates the efforts of over 100 partners managing more than 270 health facilities, while also providing medicines and medical equipment, diagnostics, guidelines and trainings and building laboratory capacity. The existing facilities in and around Cox’s Bazar have reported a 150-200% increase in patients, overwhelming current capacity and resources.

UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Syrian Arab Republic
:: 2 Mar 2018  Geneva Palais Briefing: Children in Syria

:: 30 Jan 2018  Statement by the Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen Ad Interim, Stephen Anderson, on the Situation in Aden [EN/AR]
:: 27 Feb 2018  Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 19 – 25 February 2018 [EN/AR]


UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
:: 27 Feb 2018  Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 47 | 12 – 25 February 2018

:: UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria Condemns Killing of Three Aid workers in North-east
Abuja, 2 March 2018 – The Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, Edward Kallon, has condemned the killing of three aid workers in Rann town in Borno State, north-east Nigeria last night following an attack by a Non-State Armed Group on the military facilities next to the town. Three aid workers were also injured in the attack, and a female nurse is missing, feared abducted.
“Aid workers put their lives on the line every single day to provide emergency assistance to vulnerable women, children and men,” said Mr Kallon. “Our deepest condolences go to the families of the victims and our brave colleagues and we call on authorities to ensure the perpetrators are brought to justice and account.”..