Medical and health risks associated with communicable diseases of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh 2017

International Journal of Infectious Diseases
March 2018 Volume 68, In Progress

Medical and health risks associated with communicable diseases of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh 2017
Emily Y.Y. Chan, Cheuk Pong Chiu, Gloria K.W. Chan
Published online: January 9, 2018
:: Urgent health emergency disaster risk management (H-EDRM) is needed in the camp setting.
:: Limitations in access to water and poor water quality, food poisoning, hepatitis A and E, and nutritional deficiencies are pending health risks.
:: Environmental health risks include fire, poor indoor air quality, vector-borne diseases, injury, and floods.
:: There is a lack of non-food items to protect health, e.g., footwear, and to maintain dignity, e.g., female hygiene packs.
:: Portable medical documentation should be provided, e.g., immunization card and basic medical history summary card.
Complex emergencies remain major threats to human well-being in the 21st century. More than 300 000 Rohingya people from Myanmar, one of the most forgotten minorities globally, have fled to neighboring countries over the past decades. In the recent crisis, the sudden influx of Rohingya people over a 3-month period almost tripled the accumulated displaced population in Bangladesh. Using the Rohingya people in Bangladesh as a case context, this perspective article synthesizes evidence in the published literature regarding the possible key health risks associated with the five main health and survival supporting domains, namely water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and non-food items, access to health services, and information, for the displaced living in camp settlements in Asia.