CDC/ACIP [to 17 March 2018]

CDC/ACIP [to 17 March 2018]

Latest News
CDC Warns Of Deadly Outbreak of Yellow Fever in Brazil – Media Statement
Friday, March 16, 2018
In response to a large, ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in multiple states of Brazil, including near large urban areas and popular tourist destinations, CDC is recommending travelers to the country protect themselves from yellow fever by getting the yellow fever vaccine at least 10 days before travel, and taking steps to prevent mosquito bites during their travel.
CDC recommends that people who are unable to get yellow fever vaccine or aren’t recommended to get it should avoid traveling to areas of Brazil where yellow fever vaccination is recommended. Travelers going to areas with ongoing outbreaks may consider getting a booster dose of yellow fever vaccine if it has been 10 or more years since they were vaccinated…

MMWR News Synopsis for MARCH 15, 2018
:: Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses – Three Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017
In 2017 (as of 8 March 2018) the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported 25 cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV). DRC health officials and Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners are collaborating to strengthen population immunity and surveillance with the goal of interrupting virus transmission. The last confirmed wild poliovirus case in the DRC occurred in December 2011; however, the country continues to report cases of vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs). VDPVs can emerge from oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and spread within populations with low immunity to the virus. In 2017 (as of 8 March 2018), 25 cases of VDPV were reported in three provinces. In response to these cases, supplementary immunization activities were conducted June – December 2017.  Because of limitations in surveillance and poor immunization activities, VDPV circulation will likely continue in 2018, requiring additional immunization programs. DRC health officials and Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners are increasing human and financial resources to improve all aspects of the response.

Emergence of Monkeypox – West and Central Africa, 1970-2017
Monkeypox has re-emerged in Africa during the past decade, leading to more reports of human monkeypox cases in people. Many of these cases have been reported in countries that have not reported monkeypox in 40 years. During the past decade, cases of human monkeypox have been reported from more countries than in the previous 40 years. Since 2016, confirmed cases have occurred in Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, and Sierra Leone; and captive chimpanzees were infected in Cameroon. Monkeypox causes significant illness and death in people and other animals; no specific treatment exists. The World Health Organization and CDC are developing updated guidance and regional trainings to improve capacity for laboratory-based surveillance, detection, and prevention of monkeypox as well as improved patient care and outbreak response.