CDC/ACIP [to 24 March 2018]
World TB Day – Press Release Thursday, March 22, 2018
Latest analysis of tuberculosis trends shows continued decline in the U.S., but progress toward elimination is slowing.
New preliminary data released today by CDC show tuberculosis (TB) cases declining in the U.S, but at a rate too slowly to eliminate TB during this century. In 2017, 9,093 new cases of TB were reported in the U.S, a 1.8 percent drop from the prior year. However, the current TB rate (2.8 cases per 100,000 persons) remains at levels 28 times higher than the TB elimination target rate…
Unique Program Improves Rapid Detection of Deadly Outbreaks in Uganda – Press Release Wednesday, March 21, 2018
An innovative program launched in 2010 in Uganda has dramatically sped the detection of outbreaks of some of the world’s most dangerous viruses, according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report published today in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Between 2010 and 2017, CDC and Ugandan scientists identified 16 outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) in an average of 2.5 days – down from the two-week average detection time over the previous 10 years. The program, the CDC-UVRI Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Surveillance and Laboratory Program, identified five times as many outbreaks between 2010 and 2017 as were documented in the decade before the program began.
This first-of-its-kind national VHF program is a collaboration between CDC, the Uganda Ministry of Health (MOH), and the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI). It combines real-time surveillance with laboratory testing and emergency response to significantly decrease both intensity and length of VHF outbreaks in the country, potentially saving hundreds or thousands of lives…
CDC Warns Of Deadly Outbreak of Yellow Fever in Brazil – Media Statement Friday, March 16, 2018
In response to a large, ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in multiple states of Brazil, including near large urban areas and popular tourist destinations, CDC is recommending travelers to the country protect themselves from yellow fever by getting the yellow fever vaccine at least 10 days before travel, and taking steps to prevent mosquito bites during their travel.
CDC recommends that people who are unable to get yellow fever vaccine or aren’t recommended to get it should avoid traveling to areas of Brazil where yellow fever vaccination is recommended…
MMWR News Synopsis for MARCH 22, 2018
:: Tuberculosis – United States, 2017
Eliminating tuberculosis (TB) in the United States requires a continued effort to control TB disease as well as expanded testing and treatment of latent TB infection. Preliminary 2017 U.S. data show the lowest number of reported TB cases on record. New, expanded approaches are needed to accelerate progress towards TB elimination. Data from CDC’s National TB Surveillance System show a total of 9,093 U.S. TB cases in 2017, indicating slight declines in TB cases (-1.8 percent) and TB rates (-2.5 percent) compared to 2016. The preliminary data bring the overall annual TB rate for 2017 down slightly to approximately 2.8 cases per 100,000 people (compared to 2.9 in 2016). However, the rate is 28 times higher than the goal for TB elimination. Epidemiologic modeling suggests that at continued slow rates of decline, TB elimination will not be achieved in this century. In order to achieve TB elimination, continued and expanded efforts to control both active TB and latent TB infection are necessary.