From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

From Google Scholar & other sources: Selected Journal Articles, Newsletters, Dissertations, Theses, Commentary

Psychological Science in the Public Interest
First Published April 3, 2018
Research Article
Increasing Vaccination: Putting Psychological Science Into Action
Noel T. Brewer, Gretchen B. Chapman, Alexander J. Rothman, …
Abstract
Vaccination is one of the great achievements of the 20th century, yet persistent public-health problems include inadequate, delayed, and unstable vaccination uptake. Psychology offers three general propositions for understanding and intervening to increase uptake where vaccines are available and affordable. The first proposition is that thoughts and feelings can motivate getting vaccinated. Hundreds of studies have shown that risk beliefs and anticipated regret about infectious disease correlate reliably with getting vaccinated; low confidence in vaccine effectiveness and concern about safety correlate reliably with not getting vaccinated. We were surprised to find that few randomized trials have successfully changed what people think and feel about vaccines, and those few that succeeded were minimally effective in increasing uptake. The second proposition is that social processes can motivate getting vaccinated. Substantial research has shown that social norms are associated with vaccination, but few interventions examined whether normative messages increase vaccination uptake. Many experimental studies have relied on hypothetical scenarios to demonstrate that altruism and free riding (i.e., taking advantage of the protection provided by others) can affect intended behavior, but few randomized trials have tested strategies to change social processes to increase vaccination uptake. The third proposition is that interventions can facilitate vaccination directly by leveraging, but not trying to change, what people think and feel. These interventions are by far the most plentiful and effective in the literature. To increase vaccine uptake, these interventions build on existing favorable intentions by facilitating action (through reminders, prompts, and primes) and reducing barriers (through logistics and healthy defaults); these interventions also shape behavior (through incentives, sanctions, and requirements). Although identification of principles for changing thoughts and feelings to motivate vaccination is a work in progress, psychological principles can now inform the design of systems and policies to directly facilitate action.

 

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
Volume 7 Number 03 (2018)
Original Research Article
Knowledge and Awareness of Cervical Cancer, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV Vaccine among Screening Women: A Cross-Sectional Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India
P Arumugam, S Habeebullah, SC Parija
Abstract
Even though cervical cancer is quite a common cancer in India, there are limited studies on the knowledge and awareness about the disease. It is important to assess the knowledge among the screening populations have about cervical cancer and Human papillomavirus (HPV) and their attitudes toward HPV vaccination, as it will directly influence their decision-making for the acceptability of healthcare programs. Public education and awareness about HPV infection, HPV vaccination programs are pertinent for a successful cervical cancer screening program available in the country. Our present study was designed to assess the level of knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer, HPV, and the HPV vaccine among screening women in tertiary care hospital, Puducherry. Qualitative data were collected from screening population through in-depth interviews in the Gynecological Outpatient Department at JIPMER, a tertiary care hospital in India during July 2013 – Aug 2014. A total of 152 women were recruited and asked to participate in a questionnaire-based interview that collected qualitative data about their awareness and knowledge about: (1) cervical cancer, (2) Human papillomavirus and (3) HPV vaccine. The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Written informed consent was taken from the women who were enrolled in this study.

Health Promotion Practice
First Published March 29, 2018
HPV Knowledge and Vaccine Initiation Among Mexican-Born Farmworkers in North Carolina
KF Furgurson, JC Sandberg, FC Hsu, DC Mora…
Abstract
The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is an effective but underused cancer prevention tool. This study assessed knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccine initiation among Mexican-born farmworkers in North Carolina. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 nonfarmworker Latino North Carolina residents in 2015 as part of an ongoing community-based participatory research project. Farmworkers had low levels of knowledge about HPV and the HPV vaccine. They had a similar amount of HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge compared to nonfarmworkers. Farmworkers and nonfarmworkers learned about the HPV vaccine from different sources. Adolescent children of farmworkers and nonfarmworkers had low HPV vaccine initiation. However, for children living in the United States with farmworker parents, vaccine initiation was high. To prevent HPV-related cancers and improve health equity, interventions are needed in order to increase HPV education and vaccine initiation among children of Mexican-born farmworkers and nonfarmworkers. Public health programs should look for partners outside the traditional health care setting to reach underserved populations. Other key strategies include promoting catch-up vaccines, improving patient–provider communication, and providing case management services.