Predictors and Barriers to Full Vaccination among Children in Ethiopia

Vaccines — Open Access Journal
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/vaccines
(Accessed 14 April 2018)

Open Access   Article
Predictors and Barriers to Full Vaccination among Children in Ethiopia
by Yemesrach A. Tefera, Abram L. Wagner, Eyoel B. Mekonen, Bradley F. Carlson and Matthew L. Boulton
Vaccines 2018, 6(2), 22; doi:10.3390/vaccines6020022 – 10 April 2018
Abstract
Predictors of immunization status outside of large cities in Ethiopia are not well known, and Muslims have lower vaccination coverage. The aim of this study is to assess factors associated with full immunization among children 12–23 months in Worabe, Ethiopia, a Muslim-majority community. A cross-sectional study is conducted in summer 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the significance of predictors of full immunization. Among 484 children, 61% are fully vaccinated. Children whose mothers had fewer antenatal care (ANC) visits have decreased odds of full vaccination (zero visits: odds ratio (OR) = 0.09; one visit: OR = 0.15; two visits: OR = 0.46; three visits: OR = 0.89). The most common reasons that the mother gave for not vaccinating the child are fear of side reactions (36%), being too busy (31%), or hearing rumors about vaccines (28%). Local interventions incorporating interventions with religious authorities could raise awareness in the community of the importance of childhood immunizations and ANC visits.