Yemen in a Time of Cholera: Current Situation and Challenges

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume 98, Issue 6, 2018
http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/98/6

Perspective Pieces
Yemen in a Time of Cholera: Current Situation and Challenges
Author: Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi
https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0811
Received : 16 Oct 2017 : Accepted : 20 Feb 2018
Abstract
Since early 2015, Yemen has been in the throes of a grueling civil war, which has devastated the health system and public services, and created one of the world’s worst humanitarian disasters. The country is currently facing a cholera epidemic the world’s largest on record, surpassing one million (1,061,548) suspected cases, with 2,373 related deaths since October 2016. Cases were first confirmed in Sana’a city and then spread to almost all governorates except Socotra Island. Continued efforts are being made by the World Health Organization and international partners to contain the epidemic through improving water, sanitation and hygiene, setting up diarrhea treatment centers, and improving the population’s awareness about the disease. The provision of clean water and adequate sanitation is imperative as an effective long-term solution to prevent the further spread of this epidemic. Cholera vaccination campaigns should also be conducted as a preventive measure.