Overcoming challenges to dissemination and implementation of research findings in under-resourced countries

Reproductive Health
http://www.reproductive-health-journal.com/content
[Accessed 23 Jun 2018]

Commentary
Overcoming challenges to dissemination and implementation of research findings in under-resourced countries
Authors: Richard J. Derman and Frances J. Jaeger
Citation: Reproductive Health 2018 15(Suppl 1):86
Published on: 22 June 2018
Abstract
Louis Pasteur once commented on the happiness that a scientist finds when, besides making a discovery, study results find practical application. Where health status is poor and resources are limited, finding such applications is a necessity, not merely a joy.
Dissemination, or the distribution of new knowledge gained through research, is essential to the ethical conduct of research. Further, when research is designed to improve health, dissemination is critical to the development of evidence-based medicine and the adoption of evidence-supported interventions and improved practice patterns within specific settings. When dissemination is lacking, research may be considered a waste of resources and a useless pursuit unable to influence positive health outcomes.
Effective translation of the findings of health research into policy and the practice of medicine has been slow in many countries considered low or lower middle-income (as defined by the World Bank). This is because such countries often have health care systems that are under-resourced (e.g., lacking personnel or facilities) and thus insufficiently responsive to health needs of their populations. However, implementation research has produced many tools and strategies that can prompt more effective and timelier application of research findings to real world situations.