Emergencies

Emergencies
 
POLIO
Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
Polio this week as of 14 August 2018 [GPEI]
:: Take a look at how the Papua New Guinea Government, the World Health Organization, and partners of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative are responding to the country’s recent outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus.

Summary of new viruses this week:
Afghanistan – one new case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) and one new WPV1 positive environmental sample.
Pakistan – four new WPV1 positive environmental samples.
Nigeria – one new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2).
Papua New Guinea – one new case of cVDPV1
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WHO Grade 3 Emergencies  [to 18 Aug 2018]
Iraq  
: Special health situation report from Mosulpdf, 543kb  27 July 2017
…WHO organized a 5-day polio data quality self-assessment training workshop in Erbil to support the five directorates of health of Erbil, Suleimaniya, Duhok, Kirkuk and Ninewa in the area of quality data collection and analysis…
Nigeria 
:: Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 – Nigeria
Disease outbreak news   8 August 2018
On 5 June 2018, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak was confirmed in Sokoto State, Nigeria. From 30 January through 23 May 2018, ten environmental samples collected from two collection sites all tested positive for genetically-related VDPV2 viruses. No associated cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) have been detected with this cVDPV2.
Nigeria is also affected by an ongoing separate cVDPV2 outbreak. A cluster of cVDPV2 was detected in Yobe State from a stool sample from an AFP case with onset on 16 June 2018, and an environmental sample collected on 31 May 2018. The same cVDPV2 was detected in Gombe State from an environmental sample collected on 9 April 2018. Previously, the same cVDPV2 was detected in Jigawa State from an AFP case with onset of paralysis on 15 April 2018 and six environmental samples collected from 10 January through 2 May 2018…
 
South Sudan  – No new announcements identified
The Syrian Arab Republic – No new announcements identified
Yemen  – No new announcements identified
 
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WHO Grade 2 Emergencies  [to 18 Aug 2018]
[Several emergency pages were not available at inquiry]
Cameroon  – No new announcements identified
Central African Republic  No new announcements identified.
Democratic Republic of the Congo  No new announcements identified
Ethiopia  No new announcements identified.
LibyaNo new announcements identified.
Myanmar  – No new announcements identified
Niger  – No new announcements identified.
UkraineNo new announcements identified.

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UN OCHA – L3 Emergencies
The UN and its humanitarian partners are currently responding to three ‘L3’ emergencies. This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises. 
Yemen
:: Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 30 July – 9 August 2018 | Issue 23
Published on 09 Aug 2018

Syrian Arab Republic   No new announcements identified.
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UN OCHA – Corporate Emergencies
When the USG/ERC declares a Corporate Emergency Response, all OCHA offices, branches and sections provide their full support to response activities both at HQ and in the field.
Ethiopia 
:: Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 61 | 30 July-12 August 2018  Published on 12 Aug 2018
Government continues peace and reconciliation process to return IDPs in Gedeo and Guji zones

Somalia   – No new announcements identified.
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Editor’s Note:
We will cluster these recent emergencies as below and continue to monitor the WHO webpages for updates and key developments.

EBOLA/EVD  [to 18 Aug 2018]
http://www.who.int/ebola/en/
Current situation: DRC 2018
:: Press conference on the Ebola outbreak in DRC  14 August 2018
:: WHO calls for free and secure access in responding to Ebola outbreak  12 August 2018
:: Ebola vaccination begins in North Kivu  8 August 2018
:: Dr Peter Salama, briefs on the latest Ebola outbreak in the DRC  3 August 2018
:: Cluster of presumptive Ebola cases in North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
1 August 2018
:: National response plan North Kivu Province  10 August 2018
 [See Milestones/Perspectives above for more detail]

MERS-CoV [to 18 Aug 2018]
http://who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/
:: MERS-CoV global summary and assessment of risk – August 2018  pdf, 570kb
…Risk assessment
WHO continues to work with ministries of health in all affected and at-risk countries and with international partners to better understand transmission patterns and risk factors of MERS-CoV infection in community and health care settings and to develop improved measures to prevent human infections. WHO’s global risk assessment of MERS remains unchanged from the last publication, on 21 July 2017.
The continued occurrence of health care-associated outbreaks is deeply concerning and is the result of low awareness and early suspicion of MERS-CoV infections. The non-specificity of MERS symptoms complicates surveillance activities for the virus, often resulting in early missed cases, including the index case, in outbreaks and thereby providing the opportunity for human-to-human transmission in health care settings…
 
Yellow Fever  [to 18 Aug 2018]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/yellowfev/en/
:: CDC and WHO launch trial version of a new ELISA: A kit, simpler and faster to perform
31 July 2018
One of the basic tests needed for laboratory confirmation of yellow fever is the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, known as ELISA which has now got a new version. The trial of the test is comprised in a kit making it faster and simpler to perform.

Zika virus  [to 18 Aug 2018]
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/zika/en/
No new announcements identified.