Hajj, Umrah, and the neglected tropical diseases

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
http://www.plosntds.org/
(Accessed 18 Aug 2018)

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Hajj, Umrah, and the neglected tropical diseases
Mashal M. Almutairi, Waleed Saleh Alsalem, Mazen Hassanain, Peter J. Hotez
| published 16 Aug 2018 PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006539
… In this report, we focus on the major NTDs that have either been introduced into the Middle East through Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages from tropical disease–endemic countries of Asia and Africa or where importation from Saudi Arabia to other parts of the world are possible. In some cases, these diseases have now become endemic in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the MENA region. Our report emphasizes the recent scientific literature published within the last five years….