New England Journal of Medicine
September 6, 2018 Vol. 379 No. 10
The Violence of Uncertainty — Undermining Immigrant and Refugee Health
Breanne L. Grace, Ph.D., Rajeev Bais, M.D., M.P.H., and Benjamin J. Roth, Ph.D., M.S.W.
Immigrants and refugees in the United States have long faced structural violence due to unequal health care access. Now they’re being subjected to “the violence of uncertainty,” enacted through systematic instability that exacerbates inequality and generates fear.